Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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HAZARD, Samuel, merchant, born in 1714; died in 1758. He was engaged in business in Philadelphia, and was one of the chief movers in a scheme of colonization, having for its ultimate aim the Christianization of the Indians. To carry the project into effect he explored the territory to be colonized, had meetings with the Indians, with whom he bargained for the land, and obtained a release from Connecticut of its claim to that section of country. The defeat of Braddock at Fort Duquesne, near Pittsburg, and the early death of Mr. Hazard, prevented this project from being executed. He was one of the original trustees of Princeton, and before his removal from New York to Philadelphia was one of the elders in the Wall street Presbyterian church.--His son, . Ebenezer, author, born in Philadelphia, 15 January, 1744; died there, 13 June, 1817, was educated at Nottingham academy, Maryland, and at Princeton, where he was graduated in 1762. From 1770 till 1775 he was a member of the publishing firm of Noel and Hazard, of New York. In the latter year he was appointed postmaster, and while acting in this capacity under the committee of safety he applied to Connecticut for a confirmation of the grant made to his father, but was refused. On 28 January, 1782, he was appointed to succeed Richard Bathe as postmaster-general, retaining the office till 29 September, 1789. He removed to Philadelphia in 1791, and engaged in business. He was active in efforts to improve the moral condition of the Indians, was a trustee of the Presbyterian general assembly, and one of the founders of the North American insurance company, of Philadelphia. He aided in writing Gordon's "History of the American War," in the preparation of Thompson's translation of the Bible, and in the publication of Belknap's "History of New Hampshire." He published "Historical Collections" (2 vols., 1792-'4) and "Remarks on a Report concerning Western Indians." An extensive collection of his autograph letters is in the Massachusetts historical society's library.--Ebenezer's son, Samuel, archaeologist, born in Philadelphia, 26 May, 1784; died there, 22 May, 1870, spent his early life in commercial pursuits, and made several voyages to the East Indies before he began his literary career. He published "Register of Pennsylvania" (16 vols., 1828-'36); " United States Commercial and Statistical Register" (6 vols., 1839-'42); "Annals of Pennsylvania, 1609-'82" (Philadelphia, 1850): and "Pennsylvania Archives, 1682-1790" (12 vols., 1853).
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