Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
and Company, 1887-1889 and 1999. Virtualology.com warns that these 19th Century
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GARDNER, Samuel Jackson, editor, born in Brookline, Massachusetts, in 1788; died in the White Mountains, New Hampshire, 14 July, 1864. He was graduated at Harvard in 1809, and afterward practiced law for many years in Roxbury, Massachusetts, where he held several County and state offices. In 1838 he removed to Newark, New Jersey, and in the succeeding year edited the "Advertiser," a daily paper, which failing health compelled him to resign in 1861. Many of his essays, under the signature of "Decius," were collected and published under the title of "Autumn Leaves" (New York. 1859).--His son, Augustus Kingsley, physician, born in Roxbury, Massachusetts, 13 July, 1812; died in New York City, 7 April 1876, was graduated in medicine at Harvard in 1844. He then visited Europe, and studied three years. Returning to the United States, he established himself in New York, and was elected professor of diseases of women and children, and of midwifery, in the New York medical College. Dr. Gardner gave special attention to the importation of foreign birds, as destroyers of insect larvae; to the establishment of drinking-fountains in New York city; to the reformation of the established code of medical ethics; and the investigation of the swill-milk business. He was the first physician in the United States that gave chloroform in labor, and practiced it successfully while professor of midwifery in the New York medical College. In consequence of a consultation with a homoeopathic physician, he had a rupture with the Academy of physicians, and resigned. He is the author of "Hours of a Medical Student in Paris" (New York, 1848); "Causes and Treatment of Sterility" (1850): "Our Children" (Hartford, 1872); and "Translation of Seanzoni's Diseases of Females." He edited Tyler Smith's "Lectures," and contributed many professional and scientific papers to current literature.
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