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Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1887-1889 and 1999. Virtualology.com warns that these 19th Century biographies contain errors and bias. We rely on volunteers to edit the historic biographies on a continual basis. If you would like to edit this biography please submit a rewritten biography in text form . If acceptable, the new biography will be published above the 19th Century Appleton's Cyclopedia Biography citing the volunteer editor





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Samuel Osborn

0SBORN, Samuel, clergyman, born in Ireland about 1690" died in Boston, Massachusetts, about 1785. He came to this country, studied for the ministry, and was ordained pastor of the church at Eastham, Massachusetts, in 1718. There he remained until 1737, when he was dismissed for his Armenian opinions. Subsequently he taught in a private school in Boston for more than ten years. He was interested in agriculture, and introduced the use of peat on Cape Cod. He published "Case and Complaint" (1743).--His son, John, poet, born in Sandwich, Barn-stable County, Massachusetts, in 1713" died in Middletown, Connecticut, 31 May, 1753, was graduated at Harvard in 1735, and studied theology. At the expiration of two years he read a sermon before the assembled clergy of the neighborhood with a view of soliciting ordination" but the decision of his auditors being adverse to the doctrines that he set forth, although they admitted the literary merits of the discourse, he was refused their recommendation, he then studied medicine, and was admitted to practice. He declined a tutorship at Harvard, as celibacy was one of the conditions, and after his marriage he removed to Middletown, where he spent the rest of his life. He is best known by two brief poems, "The Whaling Song," which was for many years very popular (1755), and "An Elegiac Epistle on the Death of a Sister."--Samuel's grandson. John, physician, born in Middletown, Connecticut, 17 March, 1741 ; died there in June, 1825, studied medicine, and practised more than sixty years in his native place. At the age of seventeen he served in the army at Ticonderoga. He afterward attained note as a chemist, and is said to have had the most valuable medical library in the state. Before the Revolution he published a translation of Condamine's "Treatise on Inoculation," with an original appendix.--The second John's son, John Churchill, physician, born in Middletown, Connecticut, in September, 1766: died in the island of St. Croix, 5 March, 1819, studied medicine with his father, and practised at New Berne, North Carolina, from 1787 till 1807. In 1808 he was appointed professor of the institutes of medicine in Columbia, which office he resigned in 181.3 to accept the chair of obstetrics in the New York college of physicians and surgeons. He died in the West Indies, where he sought relief from a pulmonary disease. Dr. Osborn was a connoisseur in poetry, belles-lettres, and painting. Joel Barlow submitted the poem of "The Vision of Columbus" to him for revision.

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