Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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PHILLIPS, Samuel, clergyman, born in Salem, Massachusetts, 17 February, 1690; died in Andover, Massachusetts, 5 June, 1771. He was the grandson of the Reverend Samuel Phillips, of Rowley, and eldest child of Samuel, a goldsmith of Salem. He was graduated at Harvard in 1708, subsequently taught at Chebacco, then studied theology, and was ordained minister of the south parish of Andover in October, 1711, which relationship lasted during his lifetime. He published an " Elegy" (1718), and numerous religious treatises and occasional sermons (1727-'67).--His son, John, benefactor, born in Andover, glass., 6 December, 1719; died in Exeter, New Hampshire, 21 April, 1795, was graduated at Harvard in 1785, studied theology, and preached for a time. He subsequently became a merchant at Exeter, New Hampshire, and was for several years a member of the New Hampshire council. He endowed a professorship in Dartmouth, and contributed liberally to Princeton. With his brother Samuel he founded Phillips Andover academy, 21 April, 1778, giving to it $81,000, besides a third interest in his estate, and in 1781 he founded Phillips Exeter academy, and endowed it with $134,000.--John's nephew, Samuel, Jr., born in North Andover, Massachusetts, 7 February, 1751 ; died there, 10 February, 1802, was graduated at Harvard in 1771, was a member of the Provincial congress, and of the Constitutional convention of 1779, for twenty years a state senator, and for fifteen years its president. He was a judge of the court of common pleas in 1781-'98, a commissioner of the state in Shays's insurrection, and was lieutenant-governor at the time of his death. He was also much engaged in agriculture, manufactures, and mercantile pursuits. He planned and organized Phillips Andover academy, the first incorporated academy in the state and one of the first in the country, gave it some lands, and procured endowments for it from his father, uncles, and cousin. At his death he left a fund to the town of Andover, the income of which was to be applied to the cause of education. He was one of the founders of the American academy of arts and sciences at Boston. See "Memoir of Hon. Samuel Phillips" by John L. Taylor (Boston, 1856).--His wife, Phoebe Foxcraft, died in Andover in 1818, assisted in founding Andover theological seminary after her husband's death.
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