Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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SAMUELS, Samuel, seaman, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 14 March, 1825. He shipped as cabin-boy on a coasting-vessel at the age of eleven, studied navigation on shipboard, and after many voyages became at twenty-one captain of a merchantman, he commanded for several years the " Dreadnaught," the fastest of the sailing-packets. In 1863-'4 he was captain of the United States steamship "John Rice." In 1864 he was general superintendent of the quarterinaster's department in New York city, having charge of the repairing, victualling, and despatching of vessels. In 1865 he corn-manded the "'McClellan" at the taking of FortFisher. He was captain of the "Fulton," the last of the American packet-steamers between New York and Havre in 1866, and in the winter commanded the " Itenrietta " yacht in her race from New York to Southampton, in 1870 the yacht " Dauntless" in her race with the "Cambria" from Queenstown to New York, making the roy-age in twenty-one days, and again in 1887 in her race across the Atlantic with the " Coronet." In 1872 he org'anized the Samana bay company of Santo Domingo with a quasi-understanding that the United States government should acquire a part of the bay as a naval station. He was granted a concession by the Dominican executive, which was confirmed by a plebiscite, and took possession in March, 1873, but in 1874 was expelled by the new government. In 1876 he organized the Rousseau electric signal company, and introduced the English system of interlocking switches and signals. He was general superintendent in 1878-'9 of the Pacific mail steamship company at San Francisco, California, and in 1881 he organized the United States steam heating and power company in New York city. Captain Samuels has published a narrative of his early life and adventures in the merchant set-vice under the title of "From Forecastle to Cabin" (New York, 1887).
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