Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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CARROLL, Samuel Spl'igg, soldier, born in Washington, District of Columbia, 21 September, 1832. He was graduated at the United States military academy in 1856. Entering the 10th infantry, he became captain on 1 Nov, 1861. He was appointed colonel of the 8th Ohio volunteers on 15 December, 1861, and served in the operations in western Virginia from 7 December, 1861, till 23 May, 1862. From 24 May till 14 August, 1862, he commanded a brigade of General Shields's division, taking part in the pursuit of the Confederate forces up the Shenandoah in May and June, 1862, and in the battle of Cedar Mountain on 9 August On 14 August he was wounded in a skirmish en the Rapidan. He took part in the Maryland campaign, and in the Rappahannock campaign from December, 1862, till June, 1863, being engaged in the battles of Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville, and receiving the brevet of major for bravery in the latter action. In the Pennsylvania campaign he was present at the battle of Gettysburg, where he earned the brevet of lieutenant colonel. In the battle of the Wilderness he won the brevet of colonel, and in the engagements near Spottsylvania was twice wounded and disabled for service in the field during the rest of the war. He was promoted brigadier-general of volunteers on 12 May, 1864, and on 13 March, 1865, received the brevet of brigadier-general, United States A., for gallantry at Spottsylvania, and that of major general for services during the rebellion. On 22 January, 1867, he became a lieutenant colonel in the regular army. In 1868 he was acting inspector-general of the division of the Atlantic, and on 9 June, 1869, retired as major general for disability from wounds received in battle.--His father, William Thomas, died in Washington, 1863, was appointed clerk of the Supreme Court of the United States on 20 January, 1827, and held that office thirty-five years, until the year before his death. He was a grand-nephew of Charles Carroll. His second daughter was twice married, first to General Griffin, United States A., and after his death to Count Esterhazy.
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