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Santiago Marino

MARINO, Santiago (mah-reen'-yo), Venezuelan soldier, born in the island of Margarita in 1788 ; died in Victoria, 4 September, 1854. He entered the military service in his youth, and in 1810, joining the popular party, was appointed captain by the supreme junta of Caracas. He was afterward promoted to the rank of lieutenant-colonel and appointed commander of the coast of Guiria, for his valiant de-fence of which he was made colonel. After the capitulation of General Francisco Miranda (q. v.), he retired to his estate of Chacachacare, in the island of Trinidad, but when the terms of that capitulation were violated by the Spaniards, with forty-four companions he sailed in two open boats. 12 January. 1813+ for the coast of Guiria, where he armed a battalion from the slaves of his estates, and captured on the following day the town of Guiria. After defending Maturin against the royalists, he attacked and conquered Antofianzas, in Cumana, on 3 August, and took Barcelona on 19 August He defeated General Jose Bores in Bocachica, 31 March, 1814, and effected his union with Bolivar. After the defeat of Aragua on 12 August, they embarked in the vessels of the privateer " Bianchi,” reached Carupano, and on 8 September sailed for Cartagena. Marino accompanied Bolivar in the expedition from Les Cayes, 30 March, 1816, and on 7 May was appointed second in command of the army. On 1 June, Marino marched to Guiria, and was victorious at Yaguaraparo and afterward at Rio Caribe, Carupano, and Cariaco. In 1817 he refused to recognize the authority of Bolivar, and in May was appointed by the congress of Cariaco general-in-chief, but was taken prisoner by Bermudez in September and allowed to retire to Trinidad. He returned in 1819, recognizing Bolivar, and, when the latter resolved on his expedition to New Granada, he ordered Marifio, on 2 May, 1819, to the eastern provinces, where, on 12 June, at Cantaura he fought against the royalist Colonel Arama. He was a member of the congress of Angostura, and was proclaimed Jefe del Oriente, 22 May, 1821. During the revolution of 1827 in Venezuela, he was sent by Paez as commissioner to confer with Sucre and Bishop Estevez about peace. The commissioners proposed to divide the republic of Colombia into three independent states, but this plan was not realized until 1830. Subsequently Marifio retired from public life, but in 1848 he became military commander of Caracas.

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