Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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GUTIERREZ, Santos, South American soldier, born in Cocui, Colombia, 24 October, 1820; died in Bogota, 6 February, 1872. He began his military career in 1840, in 1851 he fought against the Conservatives, and became an active member of the Liberal party. In 1854 he overthrew the dictatorship of Melo by gaining the battles of Pamplona, Tierra-Azul, and Bogota. From 1859 till 1863 he was the recognized leader of the Liberals, and gained the battles of La Concepcion, Hormezaque, Tunja, Usaquen, Bogoa, and Santa Barbara. In 1839 he was admitted to the bar. From 1840 he occupied many offices, serving the state as judge, representative, senator, governor of Boyaca, secretary of state, and commander-in-chief of the army. He was president of the republic from 1868 till 1870, and then retired to private life. although his successor offered him the place of minister to Europe.
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