Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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CANALES, Servando (cah-nah'-les), Mexican soldier, born in Matamoros, Tamaulipas, 28 June, 1880, died 7 October, 1883. When the American army passed the Mexican frontier in 1847 he joined the national troops and took part in the battle of Padi-erna, but left the regular army and became a guerilla. At the end of the war he had reputation and influence in the state of Tamaulipas, where afterward he was a rival of his old friend, General Cortina, in smuggling and similar pursuits. From 1852 till 1857 he served under General Vidaurri as a colonel, and then retired to his ranch of Las Piedras, but in 1861 again organized a guerilla band, joined General Ignacio Zaragoza, and accompanied him at the siege of Puebla in May, 1862. Canales escaped from that City, went to the frontier, and assumed command of a volunteer corps of cavalry, contained the warfare against the French, and in 1867 incorporated his troops with those of General Esco-bedo. He took part in the siege of Queretaro, and was present at the execution of Maximilian and Generals Miramdn and Mejia. Having rebelled with 300 horsemen in favor of Porfirio Diaz in February, 1874, he sustained his operations in the states of Nuevo Le6n and Coahuila until 1876, when the revolutionists completed their triumph. In the following year the new government gave him the military command of that section of Mexico, and in 1879 he was elected governor of Tamaulipas. He visited the forts in Texas, and often prevented serious difficulties on the frontier.
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