Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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POMEROY, Seth, soldier, born in Northampton, Massachusetts, 20 May, 1706; died in Peekskill, New York, 19 February, 1777. He was an ingenious and skilful mechanic, and followed the trade of a gunsmith. Early in life he entered the military service of the colony, and in 1744 he held the rank of captain. At the capture of Louisburg in 1745 he was a major, and had charge of more than twenty smiths, who were engaged in drilling captured cannon. In 1755 he was lieutenant-colonel in Ephraim Williams's regiment. Oil the latter's death he succeeded to the command of the force that defeated the French and Indians under Baron Dieskau, and his regiment was the one that suffered most in gaining the victory of Lake George. Colonel Pomeroy was an ardent patriot, and in 1774-'5 served as a delegate to the Provincial congress, by which he was elected a general officer in October, 1774, and brigadier-general in February, 1775. At the beginning of the Revolutionary war he presented himself as a volunteer in the camp of General Artemas Ward at Cambridge, Massachusetts, from whom he borrowed a horse, on hearing the artillery at Bunker Hill, and, taking a musket, set off at full speed for Charlestown. Reaching the Neck, and finding it enfiladed by a heavy fire from the "Glasgow" ship-of-war, he began to be alarmed, not for his own safety, but for that of General Ward's horse. Too honest to expose the borrowed steed to the "pelting of this pitiless storm," and too bold to shrink from it, he delivered the horse to a sentry, shouldered his gun, and marched on foot across the Neck. On reaching the hill, he took a station at the rail-fence in the hottest of the battle. He was soon recognized by the soldiers, and his name rang with shouts along the line. A few days later he received the appointment of senior brigadier-general among the eight that were named by congress, but as this action caused some difficulty in the adjustment of rank, he declined it, and soon afterward retired to his farm. During 1776, when New Jersey was overrun by the British, he headed a force of militia from his neighborhood, and marched to the rescue of Washington. He reached the Hudson river, but never returned.
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