Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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FITCH, Simon, surgeon, born in Horton, Nova Scotia, 2 January 1820. He received his professional education in London, Paris, and the University of Edinburgh, where he was graduated in August 1841. He settled in the same year in St. John's, New Brunswick, removed to Portland, Maine, in 1855, to the City of New York in 1874, and in 1877 to Halifax, Nova Scotia. In 1871 he introduced an improvement in the double tubular trocar, by removing the projecting canula from the outside to the inside of the puncturing tube. In 1875 he invented the "Dome Trocar," with application to ovariotomy, aspiration, and transfusion, and the same year devised a coupling for instantaneous attachment and detachment of the aspirator needle. He is also the inventor of the " Handy Aspirator" (1877), the "Trocar Catheter" (1882), the "Clamp Forceps," and the "Wire Suture Twister." In 1840'1 he was resident surgeon of the Edinburgh maternity hospital, and in 1851'2 surgeon to the St. John's hospital, New Brunswick. He was surgeon in 1864 to the 5th corps military hospital at Fredericksburg, Virginia, held the same office at Fort Preble, Maine, in 1867, and is at present (1887)consulting surgeon of the Provincial and City hospital, Halifax, Nova Scotia; is member of many medical societies, and has contributed to the literature of his profession works entitled "Peculiarities of the Operations of Three Great Ovariotomists: Wells, Atlee, Keith" (Philadelphia, 1872), and " Paracentesis, Aspiration, and Transfusion" (1877).
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