Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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CAMPBELL, Sir Alexander, Canadian statesman, born in Heden, Yorkshire, England, in 1822. He is of Scottish descent, and came with his parents to Canada when two years old. He received his early tuition from a Presbyterian minister at Lachine, where his parents had settled, and subsequently attended the Roman Catholic seminary of St. Hyacinthe in the same place. His education was completed at the royal grammar school of Kingston. He studied law in the office of John A. Macdonald, and in 1843 was admitted as an attorney, and at once formed a partnership with Mr. Macdonald. In 1858 he was elected to the legislative council in the liberal conservative interest for the Cataraqui division, in 1862 was chosen speaker of the council, and in 1864 was asked to form a cabinet, but declined. He accepted the portfolio of crown lands commissioner in the TachS-Macdonald ministry in 1864, which he re-rained until the confederation in 1867, at which date he was called to the senate. On 1 July of the same year he became postmaster-general, and about six months afterward resigned this office to become minister of the interior, which office he held until his party went out of power on 5 November, 1873. From that time until the resignation of the Mackenzie ministry he was leader of the opposition in the senate. In 1878 he was sworn in as receiver-general, in 1879 as postmaster-general, in January, 1880, as minister of militia, in May, 1881, as minister of justice, and in 1887 became lieutenant governor of Ontario. In 1879 he was knighted.
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