Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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COCHRANE, Sir Alexander Forester Inglis, British naval officer, born 22 April, 1758; died in Paris, 26 January, 1832. He was a son of the Scottish Earl of Dundonald, and distinguished himself in wars with the United States and France, especially for an unequal combat with five French vessels in Chesapeake bay. He was made a post-captain in 1782 and a rear-admiral in 1804. He was knighted for his gallant conduct and meritorious services in a battle against the French in 1806 near Hayti, and in 1809 was made vice-admiral. He commanded the British fleet on the American station in the war of 1812-'5, and assisted the land forces in taking Washington in August, 1814, and in the attack on New Orleans. He was made admiral of the blue in 1819.--His son, Sir Thomas John, born about 1790; died in 1872, served as captain under his father in the war against the United States in 1814. He was elected to parliament in 1837, was afterward made a rear-admiral, commanded in the East Indies from 1842 till 1846, and became vice-admiral about 1850.--Another son, John Dundas, traveller, born about 1780; died in South America, 12 August, 1825, entered the British navy at the age of ten, and attained the rank of captain, hi 1815 he began a series of journeys on foot through France, Spain, and Portugal. After a plan for exploring the interior of Africa and the course of the Niger, submitted by him in 1820 to the British admiralty, had been declined, he determined upon making a tour of the world, as much as possible on foot, intending to cross from Asia to America at Bering strait, and started from London in February, 1820, but gave up the project after reaching Kamt-schatka. Afterward he went to South America, where he was engaged in mining enterprises at the time of his death. In 1824 he published "Narrative of a Pedestrian Journey through Russia and Siberian Tartary, from the Frontiers of China to the Frozen Sea and Kamtschatka" (London, 1824).
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