Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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YOUNG, Sir Allen William, British explorer, born in Twickenham, Middlesex, England, in 1830. He was a captain in the merchant service at the time of the Crimean war, and rendered useful service as master of a transport to the British forces at Balaklava. Afterward he volunteered for the Franklin search expedition of Captain Francis L. McClintock, in 1857-'60, and was sailing-master of the "Fox" during the voyage. In command of a sledge party, between February and July, 1859, he discovered 400 miles of new coast. In 1862 he commanded an expedition to survey a route for a cable telegraph under the Atlantic ocean by way of Iceland and Greenland. He was one of the organizers of the Chinese navy, and captain of a man-of-war during the Taiping rebellion. In 1875 he attempted the northwest passage, and endeavored to find the records of the lost Franklin expedition on King William's Land, in his yacht " Pandora "" and in 1876 he refitted her for a second voyage with the same object, but changed his destination to Smith sound at the request of the British admiralty, which desired to communicate with the depots of the government expedition. He accomplished his mission with success, and for his services was knighted, 12 March, 1877. An account of the "Two Voyages of the ' Pandora, ' in 1875 and 1876" has been published (London, 1879).
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