Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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OCHTERLONY, Sir David, bart., British soldier, born in Boston, Massachusetts, 12 February, 1758; died in Meerut, India, 15 July, 1825. He was the eldest son of David Ochterlony, a New England loyalist, and was of Scotch descent, his paternal great-grandfather, Alexander, having been laird of Pitforthy, in Angusshire. After completing his education he was sent to India at the age of eighteen, and entered the British army as a cadet. He was promoted lieutenant in 1778, lieutenant-colonel in 1803, and deputy adjutant-general at the battle of Delhi, immediately after which he was sent as envoy to the court of Shah Alum. He was made colonel, 1 January, 1812, and major-general, 4 June, 1814. For his skilful conduct in the Nepaulese war he was created knight commander of the Bath in April, 1815, and baronet in the following November. He subsequently distinguished himself in the Mahratta and Pindarry war of 1817-'18.
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