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TACHE, Sir Etienne Paschal (tah-shay), Canadian statesman, born in St. Thomas, Lower Canada, 5 September, 1795; died there, 29 July, 1865. He served during the war of 1812, and afterward studied medicine and practised successfully till 1841, when he entered parliament. He was deputy adjutant-general in 1847-'8, commissioner of public works in 1848-'9, and on 21 April, 1856, was made speaker of the legislative council, which post he resigned in November, 1857. In November, 1858, in recognition of his services he was knighted by the queen at Windsor castle, and was appointed jointly with Sir Allan N. MacNab to the honorary rank of colonel in the British army, and aide-de-camp to the queen. He published "Du developpement de la force physique chez l'homme " (Montreal, 1829), "Reflexions sur l'organisation des volontaires " (Quebec, 1863), and "Bataille navale du Lac Champlain en 1814."--His nephew, Joseph Charles, Canadian author, born in Kamouraska, Quebec, 24 December, 1820, studied at the Seminary of Quebec, was graduated as a physician in 1844, and was for sometime attached to the Marine hospital at Rimouski. He sat in the legislative assembly from 1847 till 1857, and represented Canada at the Paris exhibition of 1855, and at that of London in 1867. He was a member of the board of prison-inspectors and deputy minister of agriculture and statistics, contributed largely to the Canadian press, and was editor of the " Courtier du Canada" from 1857 till 1859. Mr. Tache was British delegate from Canada at the International sanitary conference of 1881 at Washington, and has been on several important commissions in Canada. He received the degree of D. L. from Laval university in 1883, and the confederation medal in 1886. He has taken an active part in charitable and religious movements in Canada. While Canadian commissioner at the Paris exhibition in 11855, he published "Esquisse sur ie Canada," a work that deals with the past and present condition of the country. Its object was to make Canada better known in France, especially as a field of emigration, and in this respect it was very successful. His other works are " Notice historiographique sur la fete celebree a Quebec le 16 juin, 1859, jour du 200 anniversaire de l'arrivde de Mgr. de Laval en Canada" (Quebec, 1859); " L'Canada et l'exposition universelle" (1856) ; "La pleiade rouge," a political satire (1854)" "Le defricheur de langue," a burlesque tragedy in verse ; "Tenure seigneuriale en Canada, et projet de commutation, suivi de tableaux relatifs aux fiefs et seigneuries du Bas-Canada" (1854) ; and " Des provinces de l'Amerique du Nord et d'une union federale" (1858). He was one of the founders of the " Soirdes Canadiennes," in which he published two purely literary works entitled "Trois legendes de mon pays, ou l'evangile ignore, l'evangile preche, l'evangile accepte," and " Forestiers et voyageurs." --Joseph Charles's brother, Alexander Antonine, Canadian R. C. archbishop, born in Riviere-du-Loup, Canada, 23 July, 1823, was graduated at the College of St. Hyacinth, and studied theology in the Seminary of Montreal. He returned to St. Hyacinth as professor of mathematics, but, after teaching a few months, went to Montreal and became a monk of the Oblate order. He volunteered at once for missionary service among the Indians of the Red river, and, after a journey of sixty-two days, during which he encountered sufferings and privations of every kind, reached St. Boniface on 25 August, 1845. He was raised to the priesthood on 12 October following, being the first priest ordained on the banks of the Red river. In July, 1846, he set out for He-g-la-Crosse, and, after spending a few months at this mission, he went to labor among the Indians that lived around the lakes, several hundred miles to the northwest. On one of his journeys he slept for sixty nights in the open air in winter, and he often travelled thirty or forty leagues with the temperature twenty-five or thirty degrees below zero, in the hope of converting a single Indian. His zeal and talents became known throughout Canada, and, although only twenty-six years old, he was recommended for the post of coadjutor bishop of St. Boniface in 1850. He was summoned to France by the superior of the Oblate Fathers, and consecrated bishop of Arath in partibus in the cathedral of Viviers on 23 November, 1851. After a visit to Rome he returned to Canada in February, 1852, and on 10 September reached Ile-h-la-Crosse, which he had determined to make the centre of his labors in the northwest. He set about founding new missions, obtained missionaries, male and female, to aid him, and many schools, colleges, convents, and chapels were built. Bishop Tache's efforts were directed also to the establishment of a French-Canadian population in the northwest, and he has done much to develop and strengthen the feeling of French-Canadian nationality among the inhabitants of the Red river country He became bishop of St. Boniface, 7 June, 1853. In 1869 he laid the grievances of the Metis before the Canadian government, and endeavored, without success, to persuade the latter not to make any changes in the political situation of the inhabitants of the Red river without consulting them He then sailed for Italy in order to take part in the council of the Vatican at Rome. Meanwhile the troubles came to a crisis, and the Canadian ministry, alarmed at the attitude of the Metis, and regretting too late that they had not followed his advice, begged him to come to their assistance. He at once returned to Canada, and reached the Red river on 9 March, 1870, empowered, in the name of the imperial and Dominion governments, to offer a full pardon for all political offences committed during the insurrection. St. Boniface was erected into a metropolitan see on 22 September, 1871, and Bishop Tachs was appointed archbishop. He has written "Vingt an-rides de missions dans le nordouest de l'Amerique" (Montreal, 1866), and " Esquisse sur le nord-ouest de l'Amerique" (Montreal, 1869). The latter has been translated into English by Captain D. R. Cameron, and is considered the most complete work on the resources of the Red river, the nature of its products, and the different races of men and anireals that inhabit the country. Archbishop Tache is a contributor to the "Annales de la propagation de la foi," published by the Oblate Fathers in France.
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