Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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MIDDLETON, Sir Frederick Dobson, British soldier, born in Belfast, Ireland, 4 November, 1825. His father, General Charles Middleton, a Scottish Highlander, saw much service in India. The son was educated at the Royal military college at Sand-burst, from which he obtained his commission without purchase, 30 December, 1842. He served as ensign in the 58th regiment in New South Wales, Norfolk island, and in New Zealand against the Maoris in 1845-'6. He subsequently saw service in India and Burmah, and again in India during the mutiny of 1857-'8, where he was five times mentioned in despatches, and recommended for the Victoria cross for conspicuous bravery. He received the brevet of major, and served as brigade-major to the field force in Oude. He was with the 29th regiment in England from 1859 till 1861, subsequently at Gibraltar and at Malta till November, 1862, when he returned to England and passed through the Hythe school of musketry and the Staff college, and obtained a first-class certificate at the former. He rejoined the 29th regiment in Canada its 1868, became lieutenant-colonel in March, 1869, and held various appointments in the service until the removal of the imperial troops from Canada. In July, 1870, he became superintending officer of garrison instruction to the forces, in 1875 was promoted to the rank of colonel, and in July, 1884, was appointed general in command of the militia of Canada. As such he commanded the field force that was engaged in suppressing the rebellion in the northwest provinces in 1885, and in recognition of his services received a grant of $20,000 from the Dominion government and the honor of knighthood from the queen.
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