Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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LANCASTER, Sir James, English navigator, born in England about 1550; died in 1620. He made a .voyage to the East Indies in 1591, and afterward sailed round the Cape of Good Hope, visiting Ceylon and Palo Penang, where the mutinous conduct of his crew obliged him to return home. In 1594 he engaged in a predatory expedition to South America, took several prizes, and captured Pernambuco in Brazil, returning in 1595 laden with immense booty. He sailed from Torbay, 15 February, 1601, with a fleet of five vessels to the East Indies, formed a commercial treaty with the king of Achen, established a friendly correspondence with the state of Bantam in the island of Java, and returned in 1605, with information relative to a northwest passage to the East Indies, which gave rise to the subsequent expeditions of Hudson and others. Baffin gave the name of Lancaster sound to an inlet that he discovered in latitude 74º N. This navigator received the honor of knighthood from Queen Elizabeth.
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