Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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COLBORNE, Sir John, LORD SEATON, British soldier, born in 1779 ; died 17 April. 1863. He was educated at Christ's hospital, and Winchester school, entered the army in 1799, and served in Holland, Egypt, and Italy. He was ill the battle of Maida in 1806, was military secretary to Sir John Moore, commanded a brigade in Wellington's army in Portugal, France, and Spain in 1810-'4, and did good service through the peninsular war. He originated and led the decisive movement of the 52d light infantry that secured the victory at Waterloo. He received several orders of knighthood for his services, and became lieutenant governor of Guernsey, and major general in 1825. He was made lieutenant governor of Upper Canada in 1829, and firmly repressed the strong reform party that he found there. In 1835 he obtained a recall ; but, as he was about to embark for Europe, he was appointed commander-in-chief of the forces in Canada. He returned to Quebec, and took efficient and prompt measures to check the rebellion then preparing, and, on its breaking out, took the field in person, in several engagements, and completely routed the insurgents. He was twice temporarily governor-general of British North America, rendered great services to that country, and was made a lieutenant-general in 1838. He returned to England in 1839, and on 14 December of that year was created Baron Seaton. He was also made a privy-councillor and given a pension of £2,000 per annum. He was afterward lord-high-commissioner of the Ionian isles, and commander of the forces in Ireland, but resigned in 1860, and was promoted to field-marshal on 30 March of that year.
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