Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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ROSE, Sir John, bart., Canadian statesman, born in Turriff, Aberdeenshire, Scotland, 2 August, 1820. He was educated at King's college, Aberdeen, and in 1836 he accompanied his parents to Canada, and settled with them in Lower Canada. He took an active part in suppressing the rebellion of 1837, taught for a time in the eastern townships, afterward studied law in Montreal, was admitted to the bar in 1842, and soon had the largest commercial practice in the city. Mr. Rose was a member for Montreal in the Canada assembly from 1857 till 1861, and for Centre Montreal from 1861 till the union, when he declined to be a candidate for that constituency, and was elected for Huntingdon, which he continued to represent, until his retirement in 1869. He was solicitor-general for Lower Canada from November, 1857, till August, 1858, a member of the executive council of Canada from 6 August, 1858, till June, 1861, and became receiver-general, 6 August, 1858. He was a second time solicitor-general for Lower Canada from 7 August, 1858, till 10 January, 1859, and commissioner of public works from 11 January, 1859, till 12 June, 1861, when he retired, owing to feeble health. In 1864 he was appointed by the British government a commissioner for the settlement of claims that arose under the Oregon treaty with the United States government. He became a member of the privy council, 30 November, 1867, and held the portfolio of minister of finance from that date until his retirement from public life in 1869. He was a delegate to London, England, during the sitting of the colonial conference in 1867, representing the Protestant educational interests of Lower Canada, and again in 1868 as minister of finance on public business. He was requested by the governor-general, on behalf of the British government, to make a confidential examination into the alleged grievances of the province of Nova Scotia relative to the financial terms that were granted it on its entering the Dominion, and recommended the extending of large financial concessions to the province. In 1869 he was selected by the government of Canada to confer with the United States government on the subject of reciprocal trade, the fisheries, copyright, patent laws, the navigation of the St. Lawrence, and the extradition of criminals. In 1869 he removed to England, where he became a partner in the banking firm of Morton, Rose and Co., London, and was for several years afterward recognized as the unofficial representative of Canada in the British isles. Sir John Rose was requested in 1870 by the British government to go on .a confidential mission to the United States, which led to the treaty of Washington. Since his residence in London he has been a member of various royal commissions, and was chairman of the finance committee of the Colonial and Indian exhibition of 1886. He was appointed by the Prince of Wales a trustee of the Royal college of music, and became a member of the council of the duchy of Cornwall, and on 24 July, 1883, its receiver-general. In consideration of his public services he was created (in 1870) a knight commander of the order of St. Michael and St. George, advanced to the dignity of knight grand cross of the same order in 1878, created a baronet of the United Kingdom in 1872, and made a privy councillor in 1886. In 1843 he married Charlotte, daughter of Robert Emmet Temple, , of Rutland, Vermont, and after her death he married (2 January, 1887) Julia, Marchioness of Tweeddale.
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