Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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ROSS, Sir John, British soldier, born at Stone-house, Cumberland, England, 18 March, 1829. He entered the army ill 1846 as 2d lieutenant in the rifle brigade. He was present at the battles of the Alma and Inkerman in 1854, as adjutant of the 2d battalion, and received a brevet majority, with three medals, for his services in the Crimea. He served during the Indian mutiny, took part in the action of Cawnpore and the capture of Lucknow, and afterward raised a camel corps, which he successfully commanded in the Central Indian campaign under Sir Hugh Rose. For these services he received a brevet lieutenant-colonelcy and a medal, and was made a companion of the bath. He commanded the Bengal troops in the Perak expedition of 1875-'6, and in 1878 was chosen to lead the brigade of Indian troops that was sent to Malta during the Eastern crisis. On his return to India he commanded the Calcutta district brigade, until he was given charge of the reserve division of the Afghanistan field force, under Sir Frederick Roberts, with whom, in 1880, he marched from Cabul to Candahar, in command of the Indian brigades. For his services on this occasion he received the Afghan medal and star and was made a knight-commander of the bath, and received the thanks of parliament. In 1881 he was appointed to the command of the Poonah division of the Bombay army, which he relinquished in 1886, when he was pro-meted lieutenant-general. In the spring of 1888 Sir John was appointed general officer commanding the forces in Canada, and in May of the same year he was sworn in as administrator of the government of Canada, pending the arrival of the newly appointed governor-general, Lord Stanley, of Preston.
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