Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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YOUNG, Sir John, Baron LISGAR, governor-general of Canada, born in the presidency of Bombay, British India, 31 August, 1807; died in Ireland, 6 October, 1876. His father, Sir William Young, bart., was a director of the East India company. In his childhood the son left India for England, and he was graduated at Oxford in 1829. He studied law, and in 1834 was called to the bar of commons as a conservative from 1831 till 1855, from 1841 till 1844 was a lord of the treasury, and during the next two years secretary of the treasury. From 1852 till 1855, during the premiership of the Earl of Aberdeen, Sir John Young was sent to Ireland as chief secretary In 1855 he was transferred to the Ionian islands as lord high commissioner. On the death of his father in 1848 he had succeeded to the baronetcy, and for his services in connection with the Ionian islands mission he was decorated by the queen with the grand cross of the order of St. Michael and St. George. In 1860 he was sent to New South Wales as governor. His administration of that colony lasted nearly seven years, when he returned to England, and in 1868 received the appointment of governor-general of Canada, and governor and commander-in-chief of Prince Edward island, which had not then entered the union, in succession to Viscount Monck. He arrived in November, and was sworn as governor-general on 29 December he remained in office until June, 1872, when he was succeeded by the Earl of Dufferin. In 1870 his long public services were rewarded with a peerage, when he took the title of Baron Lisgar, and in the year following he was constituted lord lieutenant and custos rotulorum of the county of Cavan. As governor-general of Canada, Lord Lisgar proved a capable and dignified ruler. He was not a man given to much social display, but he was a constitutional student and a hard-working official, he had been trained in a severe school, and during his career in the Dominion he had opportunity for the exercise of his talent and knowledge of public affairs. While governor he had to deal with the Red river rebellion, Louis Riel's first insurrection in the northwest; the Washington treaty was signed, Nova Scotia secured " better terms," Manitoba and British Columbia joined in the confederation, and the terms for building the Canadian Pacific railway were agreed upon. He was in feeble health most of the time that he was in Canada, but he contrived to do his duty in an exceptionably able manner, and he won many friends. At the close of his term he retired to his estates in Ireland, and passed the remainder of his days quietly. The title expired with him, and, as he had no children, the estate passed to his nephew, the present baronet, Sir William Muston Need Young.
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