Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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MAITLAND, Sir Peregrine, lieutenant-governor of Upper Canada, born at Long parish House, Hampshire, England, in 1777; died in London, 30 May, 1854. He entered the army in June, 1792, as ensign in the guards, was promoted lieutenant and captain in April, 1794, attained the brevet rank of colonel in January, 1812, and became major-general, 4 June, 1814. He served in Flanders and in Spain, when he received a silver war-medal for gallant conduct at Corunna, accompanied the expedition to the Scheldt at the battle of Rive commanded the 1st brigade of guards, and for his services on that occasion received a gold medal. At the battle of Waterloo he led the 1st British brigade of the 1st division, and for his services at that battle he was made a knight commander of the bath, 22 June, 1815. On 3 January, 1818, Sir Peregrine was appointed lieutenant-governor of Upper Canada, and accompanied the Duke of Richmond, his father-in-law, who had been appointed governor-general of Canada. After the death of the latter, 27 August, 1820, the government of Canada was administered by General Maitland until the arrival of the Earl of Dalhousie, the new governor-general. General Maitland was afterward lieutenant-governor of Nova Scotia. He was promoted lieutenant-general on 22 July, 1830. appointed to the command of the 76th foot, on 19 July, 1834, became commander-in-chief of the Madras army in April, 1836, and from December, 1843, till September, 1846, was governor and commander-in-chief at the Cape of Good Hope. In November, 1846, he attained the full rank of general, and in 1852 became a knight grand cross of the bath.
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