Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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EDEN, Sir Robert, governor of Maryland, born in Durham, England; died in Annapolis, Maryland, 2 September 1786. He was the second son of Sir Robert Eden, Bart., and succeeded Horatio Sharpe as royal governor of Maryland in 1768. He was more disposed to moderation than any of the other British officers, advised the repeal of the tax on tea, and, when the colonels of militia demanded the arms and ammunition of the province, readily gave them up. His course had much to do with the attitude of the Maryland patriots, who hoped and labored for conciliation long after the other colonies had given up all idea of it. Eden was allowed to remain undisturbed in Maryland after his authority had ceased, till in April 1776, dispatches were intercepted addressed to him by Lord George Germain, which implicated him in transactions hostile to the liberty of the country. General Charles Lee sent these to congress, and he also ordered the Baltimore committee of safety to arrest Eden, which order was presently confirmed by congress.
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