Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
and Company, 1887-1889 and 1999. Virtualology.com warns that these 19th Century
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SOUTHWICK, Solomon, journalist, born in Newort, Rhode Island, 25 December, 1773; died in Albany, New York, 18 Nov, 1839. His father was editor of the Newport " Mercury," and an active patriot. After engaging in several humble employments the son entered a printing-office in New York city, and in 1792 removed to Albany, where he was employed by his brother-in-law, John Barber, the owner of the Albany" Register." He soon became Barber's partner, and on the latter's death in 1808 succeeded to his interest in the paper and became its sole editor. Under his management it attained great influence in the Democratic party. Mr. Southwick held many local offices at this time, including those of sheriff of the county and postmaster of Albany, and in 1812 he became a regent of the state university. But he quarrelled with his party, his journal lost support, and in 1817 it was discontinued. In 1819 he established "The Ploughboy," the first agricultural paper in the state, conducting it for a time under the pen-name of "Henry Homespun," and then in his own name. About this period he also conducted the "Christian Visitant," a religious periodical. Subsequently he edited the "National Democrat," in opposition to the views of a majority of his party, and presented himself as a candidate for governor. He was afterward nominated by the anti-Masons for the same office, and conducted for several years the "National Observer," which he had established in the interest of that party. Shortly after this he retired from political life, and between 1831 and 1837 delivered courses of lectures on " The Bible," "Temperance," and "Self-Education," which were very popular. For the last two years of his life he was connected with the "Family Newspaper," which was published by his son Alfred. Just before his death, which came suddenly, he had projected a literary and scientific institute, under his personal supervision, to aid young men in pursuing a course of self-education. Mr. Southwick published many addresses and pamphlets, including "The Pleasures of Poverty," a poem (Albany, 1823); "A Solemn Warning against Free-Masonry" (1827)" " A Layman's Apology for the Appointment of Clerical Chaplains Letters to Thomas Herttell," under the pen-name of " Sherlock " (1834) ; and " Five Lessons for Young Men" (1837).
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