Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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GRISWOLD, Stanley, senator, born in Torringford, Connecticut. 14 November, 1763; died in Shawneetown, Illinois, 21 August, 1815. After working on his father's farm and attending the district school, he entered Yale, where he was graduated in 1786. He was then principal of a high school for a year, studied divinity, and on 20 January, 1790, was installed as colleague pastor at New Milford, Connecticut, where his eloquence and social qualities made him popular. He early became an admirer of Thomas Jefferson," who was then regarded by most of the New England clergy as little less than an atheist, and in 1797 he was excluded from the association of ministers of which he was a member on account of alleged heterodoxy. His congregation, however, supported him, and he continued to preach in New Milford till 1802, when he resigned. In 1801 he delivered a sermon at a Democratic jubilee in Wallingford, Connecticut, avowing political sentiments so unusual for a New England clergyman that he became widely known. After preaching for a short time in Greenfield, Massachusetts, he abandoned the pulpit, and in 1804 edited with spirit and ability a Democratic newspaper at Walpole, New Hampshire. In 1805 he was appointed by President Jefferson secretary of Michigan territory, but shortly afterward resigned on account of some difficulty with the governor, General William Hull, and removed to Ohio. In 1809-'10 he served in the United States senate, having been appointed to fill a vacancy, and was afterward United States judge for the Northwest territory, holding this office at the time of his death. He published the sermon alluded to above, with the title "Overcome Evil with Good" (Hartford, 1801; 2d ed., New Haven, 1845).
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