Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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GRELLET, Stephen, missionary, born in Limoges, France, 2 November, 1773; died in Burlington, New Jersey, 16 November, 1855. He was known in France as Etienne de Grellet de Mabillier. His parents were wealthy and belonged to the nobility. His father, Gabriel Mare Antoine de Grellet, was comptroller of the mint, the friend and counsellor of Louis XVI, and the proprietor of iron-works and of extensive porcelain manufactories. The son was originally a Roman Catholic, and was educated at the military College of Lyons. At the age of seventeen he entered the body-guard of Louis XVI. During the Revolution his family estates were confiscated, and he and his brothers became prisoners of war and were sentenced to be shot. After the execution of the king he made his escape to Demerara. In 1795 he came to New York, where he shortly afterward joined the Society of Friends. He removed to Philadelphia, and during the prevalence of the yellow fever in 1798 ministered to the sick and afflicted. In 1799 he returned to New York, where he engaged in mercantile pursuits. He afterward made a missionary tour in the southern states as far as Georgia, and in 1801 traveled to New England and Canada. In 1804 he married Rebecca, the daughter of Isaac Collins, the publisher. He visited the south of France in 1807, traveled in England and Germany in 1812, preached in Hayti in 1816, and during the two following years traveled through Norway, Sweden, Russia, Greece, and Italy, and preached before Pope Pins VII., who listened to his exhortations with respect and courtesy. He returned to New York in 1820, and made another missionary tour to Europe from 1831 till 1834, when he retired to Burlington. See " Memoirs of Stephen Grellet," edited by Benjamin Seebohm (Philadelphia, 1868).
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