Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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CHURCHILL, Sylvester, soldier, born in Woodstock, Vermont, 2 August, 1783: died in Washington, District of Columbia, 7 December, 1862. He was educated in the schools of his native place, became a journalist, and published in Windsor, in 1808, a weekly democratic newspaper, "The Vermont Republican." He served in the war of 1812-'5, was appointed a lieutenant of artillery in March, 1812; in August, 1813, was made captain of a company raised by himself. He rendered effective service on Burlington heights in protecting Macdonough's fleet when it was attacked while undergoing repairs, became assistant inspector-general, 29 August, 1813, and was ordnance officer under General Wade Hampton, serving as such till the end of the war. He was in the attack on La Colle Mill, was subsequently on the staff of General Izard, and acting adjutant-general to General Macomb at Plattsburg. He became major of the 3d artillery, 6 April, 1835, served during the war with the Creek Indians, acted as inspector-general of the Creeks and in Florida from July, 1836, till 1841, and was appointed inspector-general, 25 June, 1841. He accompanied General Wool in the Mexican war, and was promoted brevet brigadier-general, 23 February, 1847, in recognition of his services at the battle of Buena Vista. He was retired from active service, 25 September, 1861.--His eldest son, Capt. William, born about 1820, was graduated at the United States military academy in 1840, and died at Point Isabel in 1847.
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