Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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GAILLARDET, Theodore Frederic, journalist, born in Auxerre, France, 7 April, 1808 ; died in Plessis-Bouchard, France, 13 August, 1882. He began his literary career as a story-writer toward the end of the Restoration. He then turned his attention to the stage, and the drama " La tour de Nesle," written jointly by M. Gaillardet and Alexander Dumas, the elder, in 1832, involved the former in a lawsuit with that author in the same year. He subsequently emigrated to the United States, and became the proprietor and editor of the "Courrier des Etats-Unis," published in New York. After revisiting France in 1848 in an unsuccessful attempt to obtain a seat in the constituent assembly, he returned to New York, but subsequently disposed of his interest in the "Courrier." He spoke for Horace Greeley in the presidential canvass of 1872, and in 1880 returned to France. M. Gaillardet was decorated with the red ribbon of the legion of honor in 1843. Besides writing portions of "La tour de Nesle," he wrote "Struensee, ou le medecin de la reine" (1832), a drama in five acts; and "Georges, ou le criminel par amour," a drama in three acts (1833). Besides his dramatic productions, he wrote the "Memoires du Chevalier d'Eon," drawn from family archives: "Profession de foi et considerations sur le systeme republicain des Etats-Unis," presented to the electors of the Yonne (1848); a series of articles and letters, principally on Louisiana, Mississippi, and Texas, appearing in the Paris "D5bats" (1839) ; and another series, published in the "Constitutionnel" and "La Presse" (1856-'60).
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