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Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1887-1889 and 1999. Virtualology.com warns that these 19th Century biographies contain errors and bias. We rely on volunteers to edit the historic biographies on a continual basis. If you would like to edit this biography please submit a rewritten biography in text form . If acceptable, the new biography will be published above the 19th Century Appleton's Cyclopedia Biography citing the volunteer editor





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Theodorus Bailey

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BAILEY, Theodorus, senator, born in Dutchess County, New York, 12 October 1758; died in New York City, 6 September 1828. He was a representative in congress from New York from 1793 to 1797, and from 1799 to 1803. In 1803 he was chosen a senator from New York, but resigned in the following year and accepted the post mastership of New York City, which office he held until his death.

 

*His nephew, Theodorus Bailey, naval officer (b. in Chateaugay, New York, 12 April 1805; died in Washington, District of Columbia, 10 February 1877), was appointed a midshipman from New York, 1 January 1818, and received his commission as lieutenant 3 March 1827. His first, cruise was on board the "Cyane," Captain Trenchard, which captured several slavers on the coast of Africa in 1820-'1.

 

He then made a three years' cruise in the Pacific on the "Franklin." In 1833-'6 he sailed on a cruise round the world on board the "Vincennes." After serving on the frigate "Constellation," in which he again sailed round the world, he was placed in command of the store-ship "Lexington" in 1846, in which, on the breaking out of the Mexican war, he conveyed to California, by way of Cape Horn, an artillery company and several officers who afterward became famous, including Henry W. Halleck, William T. Sherman, and E. O. C. Ord. Lieut. Bailey rendered efficient aid to the Pacific squadron by fitting out and leading numerous expeditions.

 

He made use of his vessel, an old razee, as an armed cruiser, and, after landing the troops at Monterey, blockaded and captured San Blas, and was actively employed with the land forces in the conquest of California. He was commissioned as commander 6 March 1849, and as captain 15 December 1855. On 6 September 1853, he was assigned to the command of the "St. Mary's," of the Pacific squadron, and cruised for three years. Arriving opportunely at Panama during the riots, he took steps to suppress them that were successful and satisfactory alike to the citizens and the government.

 

On the same cruise he was instrumental in restoring friendly relations with the inhabitants of the Fiji islands. At the beginning of the civil war he was placed in command of the frigate "Colorado," of the western Gulf blockading squadron, and on 2 May 1861, cooperated with General Harvey Brown in the operations before Pensacola. He reconnoitered the position of the "Judah," going up to her side in his gig on the night of 13 September 1861, and matured the plan by which Lieut. Russell cut out and burned that confederate privateer a few hours later.

 

Joining Farragut's squadron at New Orleans, as second in command, he led the attack in April 1869, commanding the right column of the fleet in the passage of the forts St. Philip and Jackson, and leading the fleet in the capture of the Chalmette batteries and of the city. He led the attack in the gunboat "Cayuga," passing up, ahead of the fleet, through the fire of five of the forts, sustaining unaided the attack of the confederate vessels, rams, and fire, and passed through them to the city.

 

Admiral Farragut sent Bailey to demand the surrender of New Orleans. Accompanied by Lieut. George H. Perkins, he passed through the streets in the midst of a hooting mob, who threatened the officers with drawn pistols and other weapons. In his official report of the victory, dated 24 April 1869, Captain Barley used the famous phrase: "It was a contest of iron hearts in wooden ships against iron-clads with iron beaks and the iron hearts won."

 

The important part actually taken by Bailey was not adequately recognized in the first official account, though Admiral Farragut commended his gallantry and ability in the official report, and sent him to Washington with the dispatches announcing the victory. The mistake was afterward rectified by Admiral Farragut, and the correction appended to the report of the secretary of the navy for 1869.

 

He was promoted commodore after the capture of New Orleans, receiving his commission 16 July 1862, and was assigned to the command of the eastern Gulf blockading squadron. Although his health was impaired, he displayed energy and perseverance in breaking up blockade-running on the Florida coast, and within eighteen months more than 150 blockade-runners were captured through his vigilance. After the war he was commandant of the Portsmouth navy yard from 1865 to 1867. On 25 July 1866, he was commissioned as rear-admiral, and on 10 October 1866, he was placed on the retired list.

 

Edited Appletons Encyclopedia, by John Looby Copyright © 2001 StanKlos.comTM

BAILEY, Theodorus, senator, born in Dutchess County, New York, 12 October 1758; died in New York City, 6 September 1828. He was a representative in congress from New York from 1793 to 1797, and from 1799 to 1803. In 1803 he was chosen a senator from New York, but resigned in the following year and accepted the post mastership of New York City, which office he held until his death.*His nephew, Theodorus, naval officer (b. in Chateaugay, New York, 12 April 1805; died in Washington, District of Columbia, 10 February 1877), was appointed a midshipman from New York, 1 January 1818, and received his commission as lieutenant 3 March 1827. His first, cruise was on board the "Cyane," Captain Trenchard, which captured several slavers on the coast of Africa in 1820-'1. He then made a three years' cruise in the Pacific on the " Franklin." In 1833-'6 he sailed on a cruise round the world on board the "Vincennes." After serving on the frigate "Constellation," in which he again sailed round the world, he was placed in command of the store-ship " Lexington" in 1846, in which, on the breaking out of the Mexican war, he conveyed to California, by way of Cape Horn, an artillery company and several officers who afterward became famous, including Henry W. Halleck, William T. Sherman, and E. O. C. Ord. Lieut. Bailey rendered efficient aid to the Pacific squadron by fitting out and leading numerous expeditions. He made use of his vessel, an old razee, as an armed cruiser, and, after landing the troops at Monterey, blockaded and captured San Blas, and was actively employed with the land forces in the conquest of California. He was commissioned as commander 6 March 1849, and as captain 15 December 1855. On 6 September 1853, he was assigned to the command of the "St. Mary's," of the Pacific squadron, and cruised for three years. Arriving opportunely at Panama during the riots, he took steps to suppress them that were successful and satisfactory alike to the citizens and the government. On the same cruise he was instrumental in restoring friendly relations with the inhabitants of the Fiji islands. At the beginning of the civil war he was placed in command of the frigate "Colorado," of the western Gulf blockading squadron, and on 2 May 1861, cooperated with General Harvey Brown in the operations before Pensacola. He reconnoitered the position of the "Judah," going up to her side in his gig on the night of 13 September 1861, and matured the plan by which Lieut. Russell cut, out and burned that confederate privateer a few hours later. Joining Farragut's squadron at New Orleans, as second in command, he led the attack in April 1869, commanding the right column of the fleet in the passage of the forts St. Philip and Jackson, and leading the fleet in the capture of the Chalmette batteries and of the city. He led the attack in the gunboat "Cayuga," passing up, ahead of the fleet, through the fire of five of the forts, sustaining unaided the attack of the confederate vessels, rams, and fire, and passed through them to the city. Admiral Farragut sent Bailey to demand the surrender of New Orleans. Accompanied by Lieut. George H. Perkins, he passed through the streets in the midst of a hooting mob, who threatened the officers with drawn pistols and other weapons. In his official report of the victory, dated 24 April 1869, Captain Barley used the famous phrase: "It was a contest of iron hearts in wooden ships against iron-clads with iron beaks and the iron hearts won." The important part actually taken by Bailey was not adequately recognized in the first official account, though Admiral Farragut commended his gallantry and ability in the official report, and sent him to Washington with the dispatches announcing the victory. The mistake was afterward rectified by Admiral Farragut, and the correction appended to the report of the secretary of the navy for 1869. He was promoted commodore after the capture of New Orleans, receiving his commission 16 July 1862, and was assigned to the command of the eastern Gulf blockading squadron. Although his health was impaired, he displayed energy and perseverance in breaking up blockade-running on the Florida coast, and within eighteen months more than 150 blockade-runners were captured through his vigilance. After the war ha was commandant of the Portsmouth navy yard from 1865 to 1867. On 25 July 1866, he was commissioned as rear-admiral, and on 10 October 1866, he was placed on the retired list.

Edited Appletons Encyclopedia, Copyright © 2001 StanKlos.comTM

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