Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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RODENBOUGH, Theophil us Francis, soldier, born in Easton, Pennsylvania, 5 November, 1838. He was educated at Lafayette college, engaged in mercantile business, and on 27 March, 1861, was appointed 2d lieutenant in the 2d United States dragoons. He was promoted 1st lieutenant on 14 May, was engaged at Gaines's Mills and the subsequent operations of the peninsular campaign of 1862, being promoted captain on 17 July, was captured at Manassas, but was immediately exchanged, and commanded a squadron in Stoneman's raid and a regiment at Gettysburg. He was engaged in the cavalry operations of 1864, was wounded at Trevillian's Station, and again at Winchester, losing his right arm while leading his regiment in a charge. He was brevetted major for his bravery on this occasion, and lieutenant-colonel for meritorious conduct during the war, was appointed colonel of the lath Pennsylvania cavalry on 29 April, 1865, and received the brevets of brigadier-general of volunteers for services during the war, of colonel, United States army, for bravery at Todd's Tavern, and of brigadier-general, United States army, for gallant conduct at Cold Harbor. He was mustered out of the volunteer service on 31 October, 1865, became major of the 42d United States infantry on 28 July, 1866, and was retired from active service on 15 December, 1870, on account of wounds received in the line of duty, with the full rank of colonel of cavalry. He became secretary of the Military service institution in 1879, and as assistant inspector-general of the state of New York in 1880-'3 was efficient in improving the militia organization. General Rodenbough is the author of "From Everglade to Cation with the Second Dragoons" (New York, 1875); "Afghanistan and the Anglo-Russian Dispute" (1886); and " Uncle Sam's Medal of Honor" (1887).
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