Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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BARCLAY, Thomas, adjutant-general of Nova Scotia, born in New York, 12 October 1753; died there in April 1830. He was a son of Henry Barclay, died D., rector of Trinity Church, New York, was a graduate of King's College, and studied law under John Jay. At the beginning of the American revolution he joined the British army under Sir William Howe, with the rank of captain in the loyal American regiment, and became a major in 1777. He continued in active service until the peace, when he fled with his family to Nova Scotia. In that province he was for some time speaker of the house of assembly, and adjutant-general of militia. Successively he was a commissioner under Jay's treaty, consul-general for the northern and eastern states, and commissary for the care and exchange of prisoners. At the close of the war of 1812, between the United States and Great Britain, he was appointed commissioner under the 4th and 5th articles of the treaty of Ghent.
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