Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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BROWNE, Thomas, soldier, died in the island of St. Vincent, 3 August, 1825. He was a resident of Augusta, Georgia In 1775 he incurred the enmity of the Whigs by ridiculing them in toasts at dinner, and, when warned of popular vengeance, he fled, but was brought back, tarred and feathered, and drawn in a cart exposed to the populace, He moving to Florida, he collected a small force, and made raids as far as the banks of the Savannah. Joined in 1778 by about 300 tortes from the interior, he organized the king's rangers, uniformed and commanded them, with the rank of lieutenant colonel. In 1779, at the head of 400 mounted men, he made a forced march to Augusta, and, after being wounded and twice defeated by Cols. Twiggs and Few, he reached that place, and established a mill-tary post. in September, 1780, Col. Clarke besieged him, but, although shot through both thighs, he conducted the defense with skill until he was re-enforced by Col. Cruger. The wounded of the patriot force who fell into his hands were hanged or delivered over to the Indians to be burned alive. He was again besieged in April, 1781, by Pickens and Lee, and forced to surrender in June. Such was the hatred his cruelties had inspired that he was specially guarded until delivered at Savannah. The British officer in command at St. Augustine threatened to hang six rebel prisoners if Browne were not treated as a prisoner of war. After he was exchanged he served at Savannah. In the latter part of the war he was colonel commandant of the queen's rangers of South Carolina, and super-intendent-general of Indian affairs in the southern districts of North America. In May, 1782, he marched out with a considerable force, but was completely routed by Wayne. His estates in Georgia and South Carolina having been confiscated, he retired to the Bahamas at the peace, whence, in 1786, he wrote an elaborate and able reply to Ramsay's comments on his conduct during the war, addressed to the historian himself, in 1800 he received a grant of 6,000 acres of crown lands in the island of St. Vincent.
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