Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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CAMPBELL, Thomas, clergyman, born in Ireland, 1 Feb, 1763: died in Bethany, W. Virginia, 4 January, 1854. He was trained in scholarship at Glasgow University, and for the ministry under the Scottish establishment. He was descended from the Camp-bells of Argyle. Entering the ministry in 1798, he soon became identified with the "seceders," as they were called, and immigrated to the United States in 1807, joined the associate synod of North America at Philadelphia, and ministered to destitute congregations in western Pennsylvania. In 1809 he was joined by his son, Alexander, and thenceforward the histories of father and son were closely identified. On 12 June. 1812, in company with his son and their joint congregation, they were immersed by Elder Luse, of the Baptists, but with a stipulation in writing that no term of union or communion should be required other than the holy Scriptures. The son soon assumed the leadership, which finally resulted in the formation of the sect that is inseparably connected with the family name. Thomas Campbell labored zealously until age, and at last total blindness, compelled him to desist.--His son, Alexander, theologian, born at Shaw's Castle, county Antrim, Ireland, in June, 1786; died in Bethany, W. Virginia, 4 March, 1866. He was educated at the University of Glasgow, came to the United States in 1809, and made his home in Washington County, Pennsylvania, where he became pastor of a Presbyterian church, within which denomination he had been reared, He soon became dissatis-fled with the tenets of the sect, holding that the Bible should be the sole creed. His father joined him in his belief, and in 1810 they founded a new society at Brush Run, Pennsylvania Accepting the doctrine of immersion, they joined in a temporary union with the Baptists, but, persisting in their refusal to accept any human creed, Mr. Campbell and his congregation were disfellowshiped in 1827, and began at once to form a sect of their own. They called themselves "The Disciples of Christ," but are widely known as "Campbellites," or simply as "Disciples." They soon began to gain recruits, and by 1864 numbered 350,000 members, increased in 1880 to 500.000. In 1823 Mr. Campbell began to publish °'The Christian Baptist," which was shortly afterward merged in the "Millenial Harbinger." In 1840-'1 he founded Bethany College and was its first president. Mr. Campbell held that slavery was permissible to Christians under his creed, the Bible. He was a prolific writer for the denominational papers. His published works number fifty-two, all of them bearing directly upon his views of Christian belief. He was a man of remarkable intellectual and moral powers, and a cultivated scholar.
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