Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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COGSWELL, Thomas, soldier, born in Haverhill, Massachusetts, 4 August, 1746; died in Gilmanton, New Hampshire, 3 September, 1810. He was one of a family of fourteen softs and five daughters. Of the nine sons that reached adult years, eight joined the Revolutionary army. Thomas was captain of a company in Col. Gerrish's regiment at Bunker Hill ; became major of Vose's regiment, 21 February, 1777, and lieutenant colonel of the 15th Massachusetts regiment, 26 November, 1779. He was afterward wagon-master-general, and served till the end of the war. After national independence was secured, he settled on a farm near Gilmanton, New Hampshire, and became prominent citizen of the community, serving as a judge in the court of common pleas from 1784 till 1810. He married Ruth, daughter of General Joseph Badger.--His son, Nathaniel, soldier, born in Haverhill, Massachusetts, 19 January, 1773 ; died near the rapids of the Red river, Louisiana, in August, 1813, was graduated at Dartmouth in 1794. He studied law, and, after admission to the bar, travelled in Europe. He had a strong desire for military life, offered his services to the patriot army in Mexico. and died holding a general's commission. Two other sons, Thomas and Francis, died in the military service of the United States in the second war with Great Britain.--William, a younger brother of Thomas, surgeon, born in Haverhill, Massachusetts, 11
July, 1760; died in Atkinson, New Hampshire, 1 January, 1831, entered the army when fifteen years old in his brother's company. Having served his term of enlistment, he studied medicine and surgery, and in 1778 re-enlisted for a short time under General Sullivan. On 19 July, 1781, he was appointed surgeon's mate in the military hospital at West Point, and on 5 January, 1784, promoted to surgeon-in-chief of the hospital and chief medical officer of the United States army. He resigned 1 August, 1785. He was one of the founders of the New Hampshire medical society and of Atkinson academy, giving the land on which the academy was built.
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