Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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BAYARD, Thomas Francis, statesman, son of James A. Bayard, born in Wilmington, Del., 29 October 1828. He was educated chiefly in the Flushing school established by the Rev. Dr. F. L. Hawks, and, being intended for mercantile life, was placed in a business house in New York city. After the death of his elder brother in 1848, he returned to Wilmington, studied law, and was admitted to the bar in 1851. He was appointed United States district attorney for Delaware, but resigned in the following year. In 1855 he removed to Philadelphia, where he became the partner of William Shippen and practiced for two years, but then returned to Wilmington and continued in the practice of the law until he was elected in 1868 to succeed his father in the United States senate. In 1861, at a public meeting in Dover, he delivered a memorable speech in favor of peace with the south. He took his seat 4 March 1869, and, being re-elected for a second term in January 1875, and again in 1881, served continuously until he became secretary of state, 4 March 1885. On the day on which he was elected to the senate for a full term his father was also re-elected a senator from Delaware to serve for the unexpired part of his original term. This is the only ease of a father and son being voted for by the same legislature to fill the senatorial office, in the senate he served on the committees on finance, judiciary, private land claims, library, and revision of laws. In October 1881, he was elected president pro tern-pore of the senate. He was a member of the electoral commission of 1876-'7, and a conspicuous upholder in congress of democratic doctrines and state rights, and was voted for in national convention as a candidate for the presidency in 1880 and again in 1884. In appointing his cabinet in March 1885, Mr. Cleveland selected Mr. Bayard for the post of secretary of state. Including his great-grandfather, Governor Bassett, he is the fifth member of his family who has occupied seats in the United States senate. See "Public Life and Services of Thomas F. Bayard," by Edward Spencer (New York, 1880).
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