Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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PITCHER, Thomas Gamble, soldier, born in Rockport, Spencer County, Indiana, 23 October, 1824. He was graduated at the United States military academy in 1845, and assigned to the 5th infantry, with which he served in the military occupation of Texas. He was transferred to the 8th infantry in 1846, and during the war with Mexico took part in the engagements at Vera Cruz, Cerro Gordo, San Antonio, Contreras, and Churubusco, for which he was brevetted 1st lieutenant, Molino del Rey, Chapultepec, and the capture of the city of Mexico. .He was promoted to 1st lieutenant, 26 June, 1849, and was on duty at posts in Texas and Arkansas till the civil war, serving as depot-commissary at San Antonio in 1857-'9, and receiving' his promotion to a captaincy, 19 October, 1858. He served in defence of Harper's Ferry in June, 1862, and in the Virginia campaign of that year, being brevetted major for services at Cedar Mountain, where he was severely wounded. He was commissioned brigadier-general of volunteers on 29 November, 1862, but was disabled by his wound till 10 January, 1863. He was on duty as commissary and provost-marshal during the rest of the war, attaining the rank of major on 19 September, 1863, and receiving all the brevets up to and including brigadier-general in the regular army on 13 March, 1865. He was made colonel of the 44th infantry, 28 July, 1866, served as superintendent of the United States military academy from 28 August of that year till 1 September, 1871, and was governor of the Soldiers' home at Washington, D. C., in 1871-'7. He was then on special duty or leave of absence till his retirement on 28 June, 1878, "for disability contracted in the line of duty." From 1 March, 1880, till 15 October, 1887, he was superintendent of the New York state soldiers' and sailors' home.
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