Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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GARDNER, Thomas, soldier, born in Cambridge, Massachusetts, in 1724; died in Boston, 18 June, 1775. He ranked among the most zealous sons of liberty, and was a member of the convention of Middlesex County, in 1774, held to consult on measures for public safety and defense, and of the Provincial congress of Massachusetts of October, 1774, and February, 1775. By this congress he was appointed one of the committee of safety chosen to act instead of the council and governor, who were believed to be mere tools of the British. In May, 1775, he raised a regiment according to the instructions of the Provincial congress, and was commissioned its colonel. At the battle of Bunker Hill, 17 June, 1775, while hastening with a part of his regiment to the redoubt, and in the act of descending the hill, he received a mortal wound, of which he died the next day.
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