Virtual Museum of Art | Virtual Museum of History | Virtual Public Library | Virtual Science Center | Virtual Museum of Natural History | Virtual War Museum
   You are in: Museum of History >> Hall of North and South Americans >> Thomas Heyward





American’s Four United Republics: Discovery-Based Curriculum

For more information go to Historic.us

 

Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1887-1889 and 1999. Virtualology.com warns that these 19th Century biographies contain errors and bias. We rely on volunteers to edit the historic biographies on a continual basis. If you would like to edit this biography please submit a rewritten biography in text form . If acceptable, the new biography will be published above the 19th Century Appleton's Cyclopedia Biography citing the volunteer editor





Virtual American Biographies

Over 30,000 personalities with thousands of 19th Century illustrations, signatures, and exceptional life stories. Virtualology.com welcomes editing and additions to the biographies. To become this site's editor or a contributor Click Here or e-mail Virtualology here.



A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

 



Thomas Heyward

HEYWARD, Thomas, Jr., signer of the Declaration of Independence, born in St. Luke's parish, South Carolina, in 1746; died there, 6 March, 1809. His father, Colonel Daniel, was a wealthy planter. Thomas was educated under private tutors, and studied law in the Temple in London. After several years of European travel he returned to South Carolina. He early opposed British supremacy, became a leader of the Revolutionary party in his state, and was a member of the first assembly after the abdication of the colonial governor. He was also one of the first committee of safety, and a delegate to congress in 1775-'8. In 1780 he became judge of the criminal and circuit court of South Carolina, and not long afterward, while the British lay encamped before Charleston, he presided at the trial of some colonists who were convicted of holding treasonable correspondence with the enemy, and were executed within sight of the British lines. He held at the same time a military commission, and in the Beauford skirmish of 1780 he received a wound of which he bore the scar till his death. At the siege of Charleston, 12 May, 1780, he commanded a battalion of volunteers, and, on the surrender of the city to Sir Henry Clinton and Admiral Arbuthnot, he was taken prisoner, and sent with Edward Rutledge, Richard Hutson, and other patriots to St. Augustine, Florida, where he was confined one year. Here he amused himself by composing patriotic words to such British national songs as " God save the King," that the prisoners might indulge their republican sentiments under cover of loyal tunes. During his imprisonment a party of the British visited his plantation and carried away all his slaves, which were afterward sold by their captors to the sugar-planters in Jamaica. On his release he took passage for Philadelphia, fell overboard, and escaped drowning by holding to the ship's rudder. On his return to South Carolina he resumed his judicial duties, was a member of the Constitutional convention of 1790, and the next year retired to his estate.

--BEGIN-Charles Heywood

HEYWOOD, Charles, officer of marines, born in Waterville, Maine, 3 October, 1839. He was appointed a 2d lieutenant in the marine corps from New York on 5 April, 1858, commissioned 1st lieutenant in May, 1861, and captain on 23 November, 1861. He was in active service during the civil war, and was attached to the North Atlantic, and subsequently to the Gulf, squadron as fleet marine-officer. He was engaged at the battle of Hatteras Inlet on 28 August, 1861, and continued to serve on the sloop "Cumberland" till that vessel was sunk on 8 March, 1862, by the Confederate ram "Merrimac." For his conduct during this engagement he was brevetted major. He was attached to the frigate " Sabine" on special service in 1863, and to the steam sloop "Hartford," the flagship of Farragut's squadron, in 1864-'5. He took part in the battle of Mobile Bay, and was brevetted for gallantry in that action. He was promoted major on 1 November, 1876. In 1886 he was on duty at the navy yard in Brooklyn, New York

Edited Appletons Encyclopedia, Copyright © 2001 StanKlos.comTM
Thomas Heyward, Jr. - Signer of the Declartion of Independence Biography by Appleton's edited by Stanley L. Klos

Thomas Heyward, Jr.

Signer of the Declaration of Independence


THOMAS HEYWARD, Jr. was born on July 28, 1746 in St. Luke's parish, South Carolina. His father, Colonel Daniel Heyward was a planter of great wealth, however, he was determined to bestow on his son all the advantages a thorough education would bring him. He selected the best school in the province for young Heyward, who, by his diligence, became quite knowledgeable of the Latin language, and was sent to England to study law at the Middle Temple. Although young Heyward was due to inherit a large fortune, he devoted himself to the study of law with the ardor of someone who expected to earn their living from the practice of the profession. After finishing with his education in England, he commenced on a tour of Europe that took him several years. His father's fortune gave him the opportunity to gain a knowledge of the different countries of Europe and to contrast the industry and simplicity of his countrymen with the laziness, luxury and corruption and pride that was so prevalent on the continent.

Heyward returned to South Carolina in1771 and quickly joined his fellow patriots in their fight for independence. He had become embittered in England by the contemptuous attitude of the British toward the "backwoods colonials". He was elected to the provincial assembly in 1772 and a year later, when he was twenty-seven, he married Elizabeth Matthews, the daughter of a prosperous planter.

In 1775, Heyward became a member of the South Carolina Committee of Safety and he was elected to fill a vacancy in the continental congress that was created by the recall of John Rutledge who was called back to assist in defending the state against a threatened invasion. Heyward, being a modest man at first declined. However, he was convinced to fulfill the duties of his appointment and he arrived in Philadelphia in time to enter the discussion of the great question of American independence. Heyward signed the Declaration of Independence five days after his thirtieth birthday.

In 1778, Heyward left Congress to become judge of criminal courts of the new South Carolina government. Soon after his rise to the bench, he was called upon to preside over the trial and accusation of several persons charged with treasonable correspondence with the British army in Charleston. The condemnation of these colonists was followed by their execution, which took place within view of the enemy soldiers, and which served to render the judge most objectionable to the British.

Despite the danger of an advancing British army near his court, Heyward held at the same time a military commission, and in the battle of Beauford, he received a wound that left a scar that marked him for the remainder of his life. In the spring of 1780, the city of Charleston was besieged by General Clinton and upon the surrender of the city, Heyward was taken prisoner and sent with Edward Rutledge, Richard Hutson and other patriots to St. Augustine, Florida, where he was imprisoned for a year. Here he amused himself by composing patriotic words to such British national songs as "God save the King,", that the prisoners might indulge their patriotic sentiments under the cover of loyal British tunes. During his imprisonment a party of British soldiers visited his plantation and carried away all his slaves, which were later sold by their captors to sugar planters in Jamaica. His wife became gravely ill and she died before his release from prison.

Heyward and his fellow prisoners at St. Augustine were released and returned to Philadelphia. On his voyage, he narrowly escaped death, by some accident he fell overboard but fortunately kept himself from sinking by holding on to the rudder of the ship until someone could help him. 

In 1781, Heyward returned to South Carolina and resumed his judicial duties until 1789. In 1790 he acted as a member of the state convention for forming South Carolina's constitution. The following year, he retired from all public offices except those that were connected to his duties as judge.

Heyward was twice married. After the death of his first wife, he married a Miss Savage. He had children by both wives, however their history has not been ascertained.

Heyward died on his South Carolina plantation on March 6, 1809.


 


 


 


 

Source: Centennial Book of Signers

Declaration of Independence
A Brief History and early record of the printings

Click Here


William Stone Copper Plate and 1976 Printing Photo
Courtesy of the National Archives
Click to Enlarge

Authenticate your Declaration of Independence - Click Here

The 56 signatures on the Declaration appear in the positions indicated:

 

 
About Stanley L. Klos

Click Here to return to Rebels with of Vision


Start your search on Thomas Heyward.


 

 


 


Unauthorized Site: This site and its contents are not affiliated, connected, associated with or authorized by the individual, family, friends, or trademarked entities utilizing any part or the subject's entire name. Any official or affiliated sites that are related to this subject will be hyper linked below upon submission and Evisum, Inc. review.

Copyright© 2000 by Evisum Inc.TM. All rights reserved.
Evisum Inc.TM Privacy Policy

Search:

About Us

 

 

Image Use

Please join us in our mission to incorporate America's Four United Republics discovery-based curriculum into the classroom of every primary and secondary school in the United States of America by July 2, 2026, the nation’s 250th birthday. , the United States of America: We The People Click Here

 

Childhood & Family

Click Here

 

Historic Documents

Articles of Association

Articles of Confederation 1775

Articles of Confederation

Article the First

Coin Act

Declaration of Independence

Declaration of Independence

Emancipation Proclamation

Gettysburg Address

Monroe Doctrine

Northwest Ordinance

No Taxation Without Representation

Thanksgiving Proclamations

Mayflower Compact

Treaty of Paris 1763

Treaty of Paris 1783

Treaty of Versailles

United Nations Charter

United States In Congress Assembled

US Bill of Rights

United States Constitution

US Continental Congress

US Constitution of 1777

US Constitution of 1787

Virginia Declaration of Rights

 

Historic Events

Battle of New Orleans

Battle of Yorktown

Cabinet Room

Civil Rights Movement

Federalist Papers

Fort Duquesne

Fort Necessity

Fort Pitt

French and Indian War

Jumonville Glen

Manhattan Project

Stamp Act Congress

Underground Railroad

US Hospitality

US Presidency

Vietnam War

War of 1812

West Virginia Statehood

Woman Suffrage

World War I

World War II

 

Is it Real?



Declaration of
Independence

Digital Authentication
Click Here

 

America’s Four Republics
The More or Less United States

 
Continental Congress
U.C. Presidents

Peyton Randolph

Henry Middleton

Peyton Randolph

John Hancock

  

Continental Congress
U.S. Presidents

John Hancock

Henry Laurens

John Jay

Samuel Huntington

  

Constitution of 1777
U.S. Presidents

Samuel Huntington

Samuel Johnston
Elected but declined the office

Thomas McKean

John Hanson

Elias Boudinot

Thomas Mifflin

Richard Henry Lee

John Hancock
[
Chairman David Ramsay]

Nathaniel Gorham

Arthur St. Clair

Cyrus Griffin

  

Constitution of 1787
U.S. Presidents

George Washington 

John Adams
Federalist Party


Thomas Jefferson
Republican* Party

James Madison 
Republican* Party

James Monroe
Republican* Party

John Quincy Adams
Republican* Party
Whig Party

Andrew Jackson
Republican* Party
Democratic Party


Martin Van Buren
Democratic Party

William H. Harrison
Whig Party

John Tyler
Whig Party

James K. Polk
Democratic Party

David Atchison**
Democratic Party

Zachary Taylor
Whig Party

Millard Fillmore
Whig Party

Franklin Pierce
Democratic Party

James Buchanan
Democratic Party


Abraham Lincoln 
Republican Party

Jefferson Davis***
Democratic Party

Andrew Johnson
Republican Party

Ulysses S. Grant 
Republican Party

Rutherford B. Hayes
Republican Party

James A. Garfield
Republican Party

Chester Arthur 
Republican Party

Grover Cleveland
Democratic Party

Benjamin Harrison
Republican Party

Grover Cleveland 
Democratic Party

William McKinley
Republican Party

Theodore Roosevelt
Republican Party

William H. Taft 
Republican Party

Woodrow Wilson
Democratic Party

Warren G. Harding 
Republican Party

Calvin Coolidge
Republican Party

Herbert C. Hoover
Republican Party

Franklin D. Roosevelt
Democratic Party

Harry S. Truman
Democratic Party

Dwight D. Eisenhower
Republican Party

John F. Kennedy
Democratic Party

Lyndon B. Johnson 
Democratic Party 

Richard M. Nixon 
Republican Party

Gerald R. Ford 
Republican Party

James Earl Carter, Jr. 
Democratic Party

Ronald Wilson Reagan 
Republican Party

George H. W. Bush
Republican Party 

William Jefferson Clinton
Democratic Party

George W. Bush 
Republican Party

Barack H. Obama
Democratic Party

Please Visit

Forgotten Founders
Norwich, CT

Annapolis Continental
Congress Society


U.S. Presidency
& Hospitality

© Stan Klos

 

 

 

 


Virtual Museum of Art | Virtual Museum of History | Virtual Public Library | Virtual Science Center | Virtual Museum of Natural History | Virtual War Museum