Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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HICKS, Thomas, artist, born in Newtown, Bucks County, Pennsylvania, 18 October, 1823. He was educated at the Newtown academy, and attempted portrait-painting at the age of fifteen. He began his studies in the Pennsylvania academy of fine arts in Philadelphia, and in 1838 entered the National academy in New York, and contributed " The Death of Abel" to the exhibition of 1841. In 1845 he went to Europe and studied in London, Paris, Florence, and Rome. After a visit to Venice in 1847 he returned to Rome and painted among other works a half-length figure entitled "Italia." In 1849 he returned to New York and began a successful career as a portrait painter. He was elected a national academician in 1851, and was president of the Artists' fund society of New York from 1873 till 1885. He has painted portraits of Henry Ward Beecher, William Cullen Bryant, Edwin Booth as Iago, Hamilton Fish, Fitz-Greene Halleck, Oliver Wendell Holmes, Dr. Elisha Kent Kane in the cabin of the "Advance," Abraham Lincoln, Henry W. Longfellow, William H. Seward, Harriet Beecher Stowe, Bayard Taylor, and Gulian C. Verplanck, a notable picture containing the authors of the United States, and another representing the governors of New York (1851-'5). Mr. Hicks read before the Century club of New York city, on 26 January, 1858, a eulogy of Thomas Crawford, which was printed by the club and also in an edition deluxe for private circulation (New York, 1858).
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