Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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HOYNE, Thomas, lawyer, born in New York city, 11 February, 1817, died near Carleton Station, New York, 27 July, 1883. He began a mercantile life when he was thirteen years old, and went to Chicago in 1837, where he studied law, and was admitted to the bar in 1839. He was elected city clerk in 1840, and removed to Galena, Illinois, in 1842, but returned to Chicago in 1844. He was appointed United States district attorney for Illinois in 1853, and in 1859 was made United States marshal for the northern district of Illinois. During the civil war he was a member of the Union defence committee. He was a delegate to the conservative convention held in Philadelphia in 1866. Mr. Hoyne took an active interest in the founding of the University of Chicago, and in recognition of his services the trustees established the Hoyne professorship of international and constitutional law. He was also active in establishing the astronomical observatory of Chicago, and was connected with many scientific and literary bodies in that city. After the great fire of 1871 he presided at a meeting to organize the free public library of Chicago, and was president of its first board of directors. In 1877 he prepared a history of the library up to that date. Mr. Hoyne was a presidential elector on the Van Buren ticket in 1848, and on the Greeley ticket in 1872, and in the latter year was mayor of Chicago. He was killed in a railroad accident while on an excursion.
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