Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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CRAM, Thomas Jefferson, soldier, born in New Hampshire about 1807; died in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 20 December, 1883. He was graduated at the United States military academy in 1826, standing fourth in a class of forty-one, and served there as assistant professor of mathematics in 1826-'9, and of natural and experimental philosophy in 1829-'36. He resigned on 16 September, 1836, and was for two years assistant engineer on railroads in Maryland and Pennsylvania. He was reappointed, with the rank of captain, 7 July, 1838, and served as topographical engineer on various surveys. He aided in making military reconnaissance in Texas in 1845-'6, and in 1855-'8 was chief topographical engineer, Department of the Pacific. He was promoted to major, 6 August, 1861, to lieutenant colonel on 9 September, and was transferred to the engineer corps on 8 March, 1863. From 1861 till 1863 he acted as aide-de-camp to General Wool, being engaged in the capture of Norfolk, Virginia, 10 May, 1862. He was made colonel on 23 November, 1865, and on 13 January, 1866, was brevetted brigadier-general and major general in the regular army for his services during the civil war. After this he served on boards of engineers for the improvement of harbors on the great lakes, and on 22 February, 1869, was retired.
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