Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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BREWER, Thomas Mayo, naturalist, born in Boston, Massachusetts, 21 November, 1814; died there, 24 January, 1880. After graduation at Harvard in 1835, and at the Massachusetts medical school in 1838, he became editor of the Boston "Atlas" (1840). This engagement lasted until 1857, when he joined the publishing-house of Brewer & Tileston. He edited Wilson's "Birds of North America" (1839), adding a list of all the newly classified birds known at that date. Several years were devoted, in company with Messrs. Baird and Ridgeway, to the preparation of "A History of North American Birds" (Boston, 1874). This work, in three volumes, was the first attempt made on a large scale, for nearly thirty years subsequent to Audubon's great work, to complete the study of American ornithology. Abundant material existed in government reports and in the archives of the Smithsonian institution, and this was edited with great skill and judgment, the accounts of the habits of the different species being from the pen of Dr. Brewer, while his associates furnished the technical descriptions. There was also published by the Smithsonian institution in 1859 a volume on the "0ology of North America." During 1875 and 1876 he visited nearly all the great oological collections of Europe and Great Britain. An account of this trip may be found in the "Popular Science Monthly," vol. xi.
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