Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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HAZARD, Thomas Robinson, author, born in South Kingston, Rhode Island, in 1784; died in New York in March, 1876. He was educated at, the Friends' school in Westtown, Chester County, Pennsylvania, and subsequently engaged in farming, and assisted his father in the woollen business. He then established a woollen mill at Peacedale, Rhode Island, and acquired a fortune. In 1836 he purchased an estate at Vaucluse, Rhode Island, and in 1840 retired from his manufacturing business. He caused many reforms to be introduced in the management of insane asylums and poor-houses in Rhode Island. He was, for years preceding his death, an enthusiastic spiritualist, and wrote much in support of their views. He is the author of " Facts for the Laboring Man" (1840): " Capital Punishment" (18,50); "Report on the Poor and Insane " (1850); " Handbook of the National American Party" (1856): " Appeal to the People of Rhode Island" (1857); and " Ordeal of Life" (Boston, 1870).--His brother, Rowland Gibson, author, born in South Kingston, Rhode Island, 9 October, 1801. He has been engaged from his youth in mercantile. The and manufacturing pursuits at Peacedale, Rhode Island, where he now (1887) resides, and has accumulated a fortune. While in New Orleans in 1841-'2, though threatened with lynching, he obtained with great effort the release of large numbers of free negroes, who belonged to ships from the north, and who had been placed in the chain-gang. He was a member of the Rhode Island legislature in 1851-'2 and 1854-'5, and was in the state serrate in 1566-'7. Brown gave him the degree of A. M. in 1845. and that of LL. D. in 1869. He is the author of "Language. its Connection with the Constitution and Prospects of Man," under the pen-name of " Heteroscian " (Providence. 1836); " Lectures on the Adaptation of the Universe to the Cultivation of the Nind" (1840);" Lecture on the Causes of the Decline of Political and National Morality" (1841); " Essay on the Philosophical Character of Channing" (1844);" Essay on the Duty of Individuals to support Science and Literature" (1855), "Essays on the Resources of the United States " (1864); " Freedom of the Mind in Willing" (New York, 1864); "Essays on Finance and Hours of Labor" (1868); and two letters addressed to John Stuart Mill on "Causation and Freedom in Willing " (London and Boston, 1869).
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