Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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KIRKBRIDE, Thomas Story, physician, born in Morrisville, Bucks County, Pennsylvania, 31 July, 1809; died in Philadelphia, 16 December, 1883. His ancestor, Joseph, came to this country with William Penn. Thomas was educated in the schools of the Society of Friends, and in the medical department of the University of Pennsylvania, where he was graduated in 1832. He was appointed in that year resident physician of the Friends' asylum for the insane at Frankfort, Pennsylvania, and in 1833-'5 held the same office in the Pennsylvania hospital, Philadelphia, having charge of its west wing, which was the first hospital department in the country for the treatment of the insane. He then engaged in general practice till 1840, when he was elected superintendent of the newly established Pennsylvania hospital for the insane, where he remained till his death. He was the first in this country to place the sexes in entirely separate institutions, and in 1859 completed a new building for his male patients at a cost of $355,000, which he had raised in Philadelphia and vicinity. Dr. Kirkbride was a careful student of his specialty, and remarkably successful in his treatment of the insane. He was one of the founders, and for eight years the president, of the Association of medical superintend-eats of American institutions for the insane, a member of various other medical societies in this country and abroad, and connected with other charitable institutions in Philadelphia. In his annual reports, which are of great value, he treated at length of the construction, heating, and ventilation of hospitals for the insane, and all topics connected with their management. Besides these he published "Rules and Regulations for the Pennsylvania Hospital for the Insane" (Philadelphia 1850)" "The Construction, Organization, and General Management of Hospitals for the Insane" (1854): "Appeal for the Insane " (1854); and numerous articles and reviews in the "American Journal of the Medical Sciences" and the "American Journal of Insanity."
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