Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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CHILDS, Timothy, physician, born in Deerfield, Massachusetts, in February, 1748; died 25 February, 1821. He entered Harvard in 1764, but was obliged from poverty to leave in 1767, and, returning to Deer-field, studied medicine, and in 1771 began practice in Pittsfield. He was commissioned in a company of minute-men, with which he marched to Boston in April, 1775, and was soon after appointed surgeon of Col. Patterson's regiment, with which he went to New York, and in the expedition to Montreal. In 1777 he left the army and resumed practice at Pittsfield, where he continued till his death. In 1792 and for several years after he was a representative and also a senator in the general court, and was a member of the esecutive council. In 1811 he was granted several honorary degrees by Harvard. He was a warm supporter of the Democratic Party.--His son, Henry Halsey, physician, born in Pittsfield, Massachusetts, 7 June, 1783; died in Boston, Massachusetts, 22 March, 1868, was graduated at Williams, studied medicine with his father, and was in partnership with him till Dr. Timothy's death. He early introduced the practice of vaccination into Pittsfield although meeting with much opposition. Dr. Childs labored earnestly in 1822 to secure from the legislature a charter for the Berkshire medical institute at Pittsfield, the establishment of which he had advocated for years, and when it was incorporated in September, 1823, he became professor of the theory and practice of medicine. He gave himself zealously to the work of obtaining an endowment, erecting buildings, and procuring a cabinet and library for the institution. It was at first connected with Williams College, and when it was detached in 1837 Dr. Childs became its president. On his retirement in 1863 he was elected professor emeritus. During all this time he had a large medical practice, and for many years was a member of the faculty of the medical Colleges at Woodstock, Vermont, and Cleveland and Columbus, Ohio, where he annually gave courses of lectures. He was a Jeffersonian democrat through life, and as such represented Pittsfield in the legislatures of 1816 and 1827, Berkshire county in the constitutional convention of 1820, and was elected lieutenant governor in 1843.--Another son, Thomas, soldier, born in Pittsfield, Massachusetts, in 1796; died in Fort Brooke, Florida, 8 October, 1853, was graduated at the United States military academy in 1814, and was assigned at once to the 1st artillery. He was distinguished at Fort Erie and Niagara in 1814, and made first lieutenant, 20 April, 1818. He became captain on 1 October, 1826, and planned the attack on the Seminoles at Fort Drane, Florida, 21 August, 1836. He was brevetted major for his conduct in this affair, and lieutenant colonel, 1 February, 1841, for his repeated successes in the Florida war of 1840-'2. In the Mexican war his gallant conduct at Palo Alto and Resaca de la Palma gained him the brevet of colonel, 9 May, 1846, and he was also engaged at Monterey, where he led the storming party, at Vera Cruz, Cerro Gordo, La Hoya, and the defense of Puebla. He was given his commission as major of the 1st artillery, 16 February, 1847, and was brevetted brigadier-general, 12 October, 1847, for his gallantry at Puebla. He was military goverhor of Jalapa from April till June, 1847, and of Puebla from September till October, and was in command in east Florida from 11 February, 1852, till his death. General Scott spoke of him as the "often distinguished Col. Childs."
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