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UPHAM, Timothy, soldier, born in Deerfield, New Hampshire, in 1783; died in Charlestown, Massachusetts, 2 November, 1855. He was a descendant of John Upham, who came from England in 1635, and was the first of the name in this country. His grave-stone is still standing in Malden, Massachusetts Timothy's father, the Reverend Timothy Upham, was graduated at Harvard in 1768, and was pastor of the Congregational church at Deerfield from 9 December, 1772, until his death on 21 February, 1811, and had three children--Hannah, who became principal of the Ontario female seminary; Nathaniel (1744-1829), who served in congress in 1817-'23; and Timothy, the subject of this sketch, who engaged in mercantile pursuits in Portsmouth, New Hampshire, in 1807. On 12 March, 1812, he was appointed major of the 11th United States infantry, and soon afterward he was placed in command of the forts and harbor of Portsmouth. In September he joined the army at Plattsburg, on 12 March, 1813, he was promoted lieutenant-colonel of the 21st regiment under Colonel James Miller, and at the sortie from Fort Erie he commanded the reserve. He was mustered out in June, 1815, and from 1816 till 1829 was collector of customs for Portsmouth. He was navy agent in 1841-'5, and was a major-general of the state militia.--His nephew, Thomas Cogswell, metaphysician, born in Deerfield, New Hampshire, 30 January, 1799; died in New York city, 2 April, 1872, was the son of Nathaniel, and was graduated at Dartmouth in 1818, and in 1821 at Andover theological seminary, where he remained a year as assistant professor of Hebrew, and was ordained pastor of the Congregational church in Rochester, New Hampshire, in 1823. In 1824 he became professor of mental and moral philosophy, and instructor in Hebrew at Bowdoin, which posts he held until 1867, afterward retaining the title of emeritus professor. Wesleyan gave him the degree of D. D. in 1843, and Rutgers that of LL. D. in 1870. He translated "Biblical Archaeology," by Johann Jahn, with additions (Andover, 1823), and was the author of "Elements of Intellectual Philosophy" (Portland, 1827) ; "Ratio Disciplinae, or the Constitution of the Congregational Church" (1829) ; "Elements of Mental Philosophy," which was translated into Armenian by the Reverend Cyrus Hamlin, D. D., and used as a text-book in Armenian colleges (2 vols., Portland and Boston 1831 ; abridged ed., New York, 1863); " A Philosophical and Practical Treatise on the Will," forming the third volume of his system of mental philosophy (Portland, 1834) ; "The Manual of Peace" (1836) ; " Outlines of Imperfect and Disordered Mental Action" (New York, 1840); " Life and Religious Opinions and Experience of Madame de la Motte Guyon, together with some Account of the Personal History and Religious Opinions of F6ne-lon, Archbishop of Cambray" (2 vols., 1847; London, 1854) ; "Life of Faith" (1848: Liverpool, 1859): "American Cottage Life," a series of pc-eros (2d ed., 1850); "A Treatise on Divine Union" (Boston, 1851; London, 1858); "Religious Maxims" (2d ed., Philadelphia, 1854); "Letters, written from Europe, Egypt, and Palestine" (Brunswick, 1855) ; "Life of Madame Catherine Adorna" (Boston, 1856); "A Method of Prayer: an Analysis of the Work so entitled by Madame de la Motte Guyon" (London, 1859) ; and " Christ in the Soul" (New York, 1872). He also published a prize essay on a "Congress of Nations" (Boston, 1840), and contributed to periodicals.--His brother, Nathaniel Gookin, jurist, born in Deerfield, New Hampshire, 8 January, 1801; died in Concord, New Hampshire, 11 December, 1869, was graduated at Dartmouth in 1820, studied law, and began practice in Bristol, New Hampshire, but removed to Concord in 1829. From l833 till 1843 he was judge of the supreme court of New Hampshire, and from 1843 till 1863 he was superintendent of the Concord railroad, of which he was president in 1863-'6. In 1850 he was a member of the convention to amend the state constitution. He spent 1853-'4 in England as the American member of the joint commission of the United States and Great Britain for the adjustment of claims against the respective countries for all losses since 1814, and in 1862 was the umpire of a similar commission between the United States and New Grenada. He was an active Democrat, but left his party at the beginning of the civil war. In 1865-'6 he was a member of the legislature: Dartmouth gave him the degree of LB. D. in 1862. He was a member, and for three years president, of the New Hampshire historical society. Judge Upham possessed a taste for historical and antiquarian research, and published an "Address on Rebellion, Slavery, and Peace," delivered at Concord, 2 March, 1864 (Concord, 1864), and left unfinished an extensive work on the proverbs of all lands and languages.--Another brother, Francis William, author, born in Rochester, New Hampshire, 10 September, 1817, was graduated at Bowdoin in 1837, studied law under his brother, Nathaniel G. Upham, and was admitted to the bar of Massachusetts in 1844, but relinquished his profession, and in 1867-'70 was professor of mental philosophy and lecturer on history in Rutgers female college, New York city. Union gave him the degree of LL.D. in 1868. He is the author of "The Debate between the Church and Science, or the Ancient Hebraic Idea of the Six Days of Creation; with an Essay on the Literary Character of Tayler Lewis," published anonymously (Andover, 1860); " The Wise Men: who they were, and how they came to Jerusalem" (New York, 1869; 4th ed., 1872);" The Star of Our Lord, or Christ Jesus, King of all Worlds, both of Time or Space; with Thoughts on Inspiration; and on the Astronomic Doubt as to Christianity" (1873); and "Thoughts on the Holy Gospels : how they came to be in Manner and Form as they are" (1881).--Another brother, Albert Gookin, physician, born in Rochester, New Hampshire, 10 July, 1819 ; died in Boston, Massachusetts, 16 June, 1847, was graduated at Bowdoin in 1840, and at the medical college in Paris, France, in 1844. He published a biographical and genealogical "History of the Upham Family" (Concord, 1845).
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