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Tomas Montilla

MONTILLA, Tomas (mon-tee'-yah), Venezuelan soldier, born in Caracas in 1778 ; died there, 25 June, 1822. He was an active member of the revolutionary junta of 1S10, and an intimate associate of Bolivar. Refusing to accept the conditions of the capitulation at Victoria, he was imprisoned by Monteverde, but soon recovered his liberty and went to Colombia, where he served in the campaigns of 1813-'14, and accompanied Bolivar in the occupation of Bogota on 12 December of the latter year. He was in the campaign against the rebellious junta of Carthagena in 1815, and. after being sent by Bolivar to Bogota, went thence to Barinas and was the companion of Paez in 1816 at Arichuna, the battle of Yagual, and the taking of Achaguas. In 1818 he was governor of Guayana, and on 15 February, 1819, became a member of the congress of Angostura. On 12 June, 1819, he fought in the battle of Cantaura. He accompanied Bolivar after the battle of Carabobo to Caracas, where he remained in garrison till his death.--His brother, Mariano, Venezuelan soldier, born in Caracas, 8 September, 1782; died there, 22 September, 1851, was sent to Spain to be educated, and in the war against Portugal served in the royal body-guard at the siege of Olivenca in 1799. After obtaining his discharge he returned to Venezuela in 1806, and was a member of the revolutionary juntas of 1809 and 1810. He fought against the royalists in Valencia in 1811, but at the time of the capitulation of Miranda he was in the Antilles, whence he returned in 1813 and assisted in the campaigns of that year and 1814. In 1815 he aided in the de-fence of Carthagena, and after the evacuation took part in the expedition of Mina against Mexico, but, not being in full accord with Bolivar regarding his expedition from Hayti in 1816, permihed his officers and men to join the latter while he remained in the Antilles. In 1819 he joined General Urdaneta in Margarita, became his chief-of-staff, and accompanied him in the campaign of Barcelona. He was sent in 1820 as chief of an expedition to Colombia, where he attacked Carthagena in July, and was forced to raise the siege, but captured the city in the following year. He was promoted general of division in 1824, and appointed military governor of Santa Marta, but after Bolivar's death he retired to private life. In 1834 he was sent as the first regular minister of Venezuela to England, where he signed a treaty of commerce, and he also took steps toward a treaty of peace and friendship with Spain.

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