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FLORES, Venancio (flo'rez), Uruguayan soldier, born in Paysandu in 1809; died in Montevideo, 19 February 1868. He was the son of a rich cattle owner, and passed his youth on the pampas. In 1853 he led an insurrection, and when the president fled to a neutral man-of-war for protection, Flores declared the executive chair vacant. He then had himself appointed president, but in 1855 his government was overthrown, and he retired to Buenos Ayres. In 1858 he invaded the republic for a second time, but was soon defeated. When the war between Buenos Ayres and the Argentine Confederation began, Flores volunteered to serve under Mitre, and in 1863 invaded Uruguay for a third time, but was defeated at Las Piedras on 16 August When war between the republic and Brazil began, Flores, assisted by a Brazilian and Argentine force, blockaded Montevideo and forced Villalba, who had taken charge of the government provisionally, to enter into an arrangement by which Flores was elected president, Flores entered into the triple alliance against Paraguay, 1 May 1865, and was in command of the allied armies at the capitulation of the Paraguayan army, for which he received from the emperor of Brazil the cross of the Cruceiro. During his absence in the field Vidal had been elected president pro tempore; but on his return in 1866, Flores forced the former to resign the government into his hands. In consequence of a revolution, headed by his sons, he resigned the presidency, 15 February 1868, before his term was ended, and was assassinated in a Street tumult, four days afterward.
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