Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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GUERRERO, Vicente (ger-ray'-ro), president of Mexico, born in Tixtla, Mexico, in 1783; died in Cuilapam, Mexico, 14 February, 1881. He distinguished himself in the battle of Izucar, 28 February, 1812, and after the defeat of the revolutionists at Puruaran went to the south of Mexico and gained several victories over the Spaniards. In 1816 he was defeated in Canada de las Naranjos, but soon afterward he defeated Zavala and Reguera in Azoyu The Spanish general Apodaca then offered to pardon him if he would yield, but he refused. The death of Morelos, Matamoros, and Nina, the imprisonment of Bravo and Rayon, and the pardon accepted by Teran, almost put an end to the revolution, and Guerrero was the only general that continued to resist the Spaniards, until the victory of Tamo, 15 September, 1818, revived the cause and enabled him to gain other victories. When he was convinced that Iturbide desired the independence of Mexico, he joined him" but when Iturbide caused himself to be proclaimed emperor, he opposed him and was defeated and wounded in the battle of Almolonga, 23 January, 1823. Guerrero was appointed a member of the executive council when the Republicans were victorious, and exiled Iturbide. Afterward Bravo was elected head of the so-called Escoces party, and Guerrero of the Yorkino. The rivals met in battle, Bravo was defeated, and Guerrero became president of Mexico. But he was soon deposed ill favor of Santa Anna, fled to the south, and made war upon the administration until January, 1831, when he was inveigled on board an Italian ship, and delivered to his enemies. He was condemned by a court-martial and shot.
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